Carlisle Lumber Company

All those biking and hiking along the bike trail probably have no idea how different certain areas are now. The following picture is another unsourced newspaper clipping, although “1935” is handwritten in the caption area.

The name of Towne Carlisle has been encountered before in this blog, especially in a series of images taken from his 1896 promotional booklet (see Blog Multi-Part Series page, towards the bottom for an index to the pages of the booklet).

Caption (note the atypical spelling of the street names): “View of the old Towne Carlisle Lumber Co., which was located at Glenn and Cory sts., Yellow Springs. The late Towne Carlisle and his son, Edward, are seated on the lumber. Standing by the fence near the office is Newt Reed. The picture, taken in 1896, is owned by Edward Carlisle, Yellow Springs.”

Towne (or Townsley) Carlisle was also a township clerk and is buried in Glen Forest Cemetery.

Posted in Artifacts | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

From the Antioch Bookplate Archives — 1970s part 9

Bookplates in the later catalogs of the 1970s were primarily designed by staff artists with a few  exceptions:

B-122 – “Ural Owls” – was developed from a J. Keulemans lithograph discovered in an antique shop and remained popular for at least a decade.

B-125 – was a photo reproduction of needlepoint wall art designed and worked by Rebecca Eschliman for her mother Helen who loved colors in the turquoise-blue-purple range.

Antioch bookplate B-121


Antioch bookplate B-122


Antioch bookplate B-123


Antioch bookplate B-124


Antioch bookplate B-125


Antioch bookplate B-126


Antioch bookplate B-128


Antioch bookplate B-129



Posted in Antioch Bookplate Archives | Tagged | Leave a comment

Open House at the Octagon House

Octagon houses were an architectural movement in the mid 19th century, and Yellow Springs has one of its own. The Yellow Springs Historical Society is sponsoring an afternoon of exploration of the Octagon House at 111 W. Whiteman St. between 1:00 and 5:00 pm with house tours and displays about the history of the house and its most recent owners.

A suggested donation of $5 would be appreciated, and Historical Society memberships forms will be available (Family Rate – $20, Individual Rate – 15.00, Senior Rate – $10).

Posted in Announcements, Events | Tagged | Leave a comment

Some Very Early History

[Taken from another unsourced newspaper clipping. Oddly enough the pictures accompanying the article are not referenced in the article. All peculiarities of spelling and punctuation are maintained from the original.

Those who attended the recent YS Historical Society program on local railroad history will find some intriguing additional details in paragraphs 3-5.]


Delving back into the antiquity of Yellow Springs, has brought to light many curious and quaint stories. But there is still standing today the house that antedates Antioch College, the railroad and in short the town of Yellow Springs.

Today the little log house stands back of Xenia avenue, immediately to the rear of the building occupied by Mrs. Ellen Phillips and the office of Glen Forest Cemetery. It is a two room structure made of massive hewn logs, some of them as large as eleven inches in diameter, with cement calking. Green moss has grown in the cracks between the cement and the wood. To the rear are the remains of the old bake oven of Francis Hafner, Yellow Springs, first baker and the builder of Yellow Springs’ first house.

Holding together what time has left of the old oven are three strips of iron. Today and for the last fifty years they have been simply braces to hold together a brick oven. But prior to 1855 they were a novelty in Ohio. They attracted more attention and had as much to do with Ohio’s progress as any object in a museum. They are pieces of the rails from Ohio’s first railroad.

In those days the cro ss tie had not yet been devised and the rails were laid on joists laid end to end over the whole length of the line. Mr. S. W. Weakley informed the NEWS reporter that he had seen several accidents caused by rails coming loose from the joists and flying up and piercing the floor of cars.

Mr. Hafner secured these rails about 1855 when the cross tie system was put in on the old Little Miami Railroad.

Francis Hafner came to Yellow Springs from Cincinnati on May 30, 1842. He came as the coach driver for the first owner of the famous Neff place now the Bryan Park and Farm. He was born in Baden Baden, Germany, and came to America with his father at the age of six. He remained in Yellow Springs as caretaker of the Neff place, and married Mary Anne Sroufe in 1843. Immediately upon being married, he built the log house. The House was used as a bake shop and Mr. Hafner and his family still lived on the Neff place. In 1855 he built the brick house and moved the log house back from the street to its present location. It was then that the brick overn was built.

SEPT. 7, 1923
Oldest House in Town
By S. W. Cox

Probably the first house in Yellow Springs was the tavern near the south west corner of the cemetery, later used by my father as a blacksmith shop early as 1831, and nearby were three of four cabins. There were also the old Yellow Springs house and a cabin on the Dye place built by Mr. Batchelor, as well as a dwelling on the south-east corner of the land now owned by J. A. Tibbs, in Dayton st., which was built by a Frenchman by the name of Felix Lesharun, who kept a grocery in part of it. On the opposite corner was the home of a Mr. Walker, who owned the Ed Schauer farm.

Then there were two cabins along the cliffs near the old lime kiln which were occupied by Adam Morton and Booth Colleed, who farmed for Elisha Mills, father of the late Judge Mills. There was also a house near the Baptist church built in 1839 by James Fist, then the home of Judge Mills, and now owned by Antioch, which was under construction before Frank Haffner came here with Mr. Neff.

I remember seeing Mr. Haffner when hne drove the Neff baggage wagon over the mill race, stopping at the blacksmith shop to ask the way to the Neff placae.

The saw mill, which was built in 1836, later known as the bowling alley, stood just north of the present bridge.

The brick building that was burned during the Yellow Springs house fire was erected in 1838 at the same time as was my old home now owned by the Foos’.

The First Methodist Church was constructed in 1839-40 on the site where the post office now stands.

Posted in Artifacts, Narratives | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Mystery Banquet

This banquet photo, found among the Kahoe glass negative collection, is lacking any identification of where it took place, and who attended. The “why” can reliably be established by zooming in on the table decoration: Father Time and the Infant New Year, so it does not belong to the usual spring collection of celebrations.

So many questions are inspired by pictures like this: Who were the participants? What were the typical ways of celebrating, and did this banquet conform to or depart from the usual way of doing things? What was served? What was the reason for the uniforms of the two individuals at the back?

Closer views:

Posted in Artifacts | Leave a comment

Downtown Then…(and Now?)

This photo taken from the collection of glass negatives acquired by Dave Huber from the Howard Kahoe auction and shared with the Historical Society shows a familiar section of downtown Yellow Springs which looks much different now. Any guesses as to what buildings are there now?


Posted in Artifacts | 1 Comment

Why They Came — Pages 30 – 33

(Previous entries here, here, herehere, herehere, and here.)

How would you describe the nature of Yellow Springs today in comparison with the description given on these pages? Some of the differences are visible (Linkhart’s Elevator is gone), and some are social (businesswomen have joined businessmen). Has the “personality” of Yellow Springs also changed?

Page 31

Yellow Springs is nine miles south of the “National Pike” that runs east and west through Springfield, nine miles north of the county seat in Xenia, about 18 miles to the east of Dayton.

As you drive toward town, you pass through rich, slightly rolling southern Ohio farm country, abundant with grain crops, speckled with white farmhouses. In a matter of minutes you can drive through the block-long business district and up the main street, lined with elms and maples.

On the surface there is little to distinguish Yellow Springs from other towns its size. But Yellow Springs has a personality that is not a product of any one element in the community. While there are two large industrial plants, a well-known liberal arts college, a generous assortment of merchants, businessmen, and civic organizations—the standard equipment of the small town—none of the parts dominates the scene.

Let’s look below the surface of this many-sided community to appraise its assets and liabilities, and to help ourselves make better use of today’s exciting opportunities.

And to our neighbors and friends in communities nearby or far away, we extend a welcome to a picture tour of the Village of Yellow Springs in its Centennial Year, 1956.

Page 33

You can still find a place to park in the Yellow Springs business district. On Saturday afternoons you will find the town is still small enough that you’ll see many of your friends at the drugstore, the hardware store, or the theatre.

In the photos as left, you can mentally walk down the west side of Xenia Avenue and up the east side. A view of Dayton Street is also shown.

Along the railroad tracks to the north, you’ll see the oldest frame building in town, Linkhart’s Elevator, which used to be a residence, a mill, and a railroad station. It is now used as a feed mill. The story goes that America’s first prepared breakfast food, Hominy Flakes, was made and packaged in this mill, and that eighty people were once employed in this thriving business.

Posted in Artifacts | Tagged | Leave a comment

The Geology of the Yellow Spring

Another newspaper article clipped and placed in a scrapbook without attribution.  It may be dated to some time circa 1940.

“Photograph No. 1 probably was taken before 1896, when the first dam was built across the creek. It shows two, instead of one cascade, much less vegetation and a more gradual slope on the mound in contrast to the recent picture, No. 2, taken by Fred F. Nora from across the dam pond, and showing trees that are less than 45 years old. Mr. Swinnerton urges that more pictures of the spring area taken before 1900 be unearthed for the geology department.”

By Fred F. Nora

A piece of rock larger than a horse’s head came loose from the lip-like mouth of the Yellow Spring cascade recently and broke into three chunks in the pool below.

Any orthodox waterfall wears down the rock that forms its cascade, with the result that slabs of rock occasioinally plunge into the gorge below. Hardly 100 yards to the east of the Yellow Spring the Cascade Creek falls over limestone which occasionally breaks off in slabs, because the softer rock below is being undercut by the splashing water.

But the Yellow Spring, for which the village is named, is different from ordinary cascades.

It has been busy ever since its beginning thousands of years ago, building up its own rocky channel from mineral particles carried in its waters which gush from the hillside and splash into the Yellow Springs creek, 70 feet below.

Whenever a chunk of rock breaks off the mouth of the Yellow Spring, it indicates that the mineral in the water has built the tufa—or calcium carbonate deposit of the mound, which resembles dried animal bone—so far out over the cavern under the “lip” that the new rock becomes too heavy and breaks off.

Water Builds Mound

About 30,000 years ago the last great continental ice sheet, or glacier, melted northward from Greene County and the melting waters rushed southward, some of them enlarging the present valley of the Yellow Springs creek. Thus Glen Helen started on its romantic history.

Some time later—ten thousand years or so—a spring oozed from a crack in the east bank of the creek above where the concrete dam now stands, and trickled down the cliff, leaving a reddish-yellow stain on the rocks.This gaudy mineral deposit has covered the old valley slope at an estimated rate of three or four tons a year, building up a 60,000 ton mound of brittle spring deposit (tufa) that forms a veritable bay window 500 feet wide which protrudes 350 out from the previously straight-sided valley of the creek.

“The spring deposits 10 to 30 parts of mineral per millioin parts of water on the mound, although a total of nearly 300 parts of mineral gushes out of the catch basin.” A. C. Swinnerton, head of the geology department at Antioch College, declared, on the basis of measurements carried on by his reasearch assistants. “The spring deposits more mineral in summer than in winter.”

Spring Being “Regimented”

The superintendent of grounds for the Glen has decreed that, in order to maintain its beauty, the spring shall keep a straight channel; so today a larger amount of the mineral is carried down the creek than in the old days, when the natural fountain meandered and migrated leisurely all over its mound, each year enabling several tons of iron and calciuim particles to catch in twigs and leaves, building up the dome-shaped layers of rock which are exposed in the cut south of the dam.

Old photographs and accounts show that there are more trees and shrubs on the spring mound today than there were several decades ago, when the area teemed with tourists and guests. This observation, together with the presence of leaf fossils in only the upper10 feet of the mound, have suggested to Allen Bennison, assistant in the geology department, that confining the spring flow to a definite channel, rather than letting it ooze all over the mound, makes easier the accumulation of soil in which seeds can take root and develop before being encased in calcium

Many Leaf Fossils Found

Many fossilized plants and bones of small animals are found in the upper layers of the mound, while the college geologists could find no fossils at the inner end of the tunnel which they and NYA students excavated into the base of the mound.

Last year when Mr. Bennison was finishing the digging of the tunnel below the spring, he discovered that previous estimates that the mound contains 100,000 tons of deposit, or 200,000 cubic yards, were far too generous. Now they think that hardly more than 120,000 cubic yards of tufa is a good figure.

For years before the Yellow Spring began filling the valley with tufa, rock and dirt had fallen from the cliffs and had made a gradual slope of talus which is now covered up by the spring mound, according to Mr. Bennison. It’s something like finding a false bottom nearly one-third up the inside of a berry box.

Rain Affects Flow

Although its catch-basin, or reservoir, is nearly 40 feet below the hills to the northeast, the Yellow Spring is not arteisan, but a simple gravity spring, according to Mr. Swinnerton.

“The spring water and mineral come from a nearby source and not—as a few people think—from points as distant as western Pennsylvania,” the geologist declared, “One indication of this is that our measurements show a variation in the flow of the spring of between 60 and 80 gallons per minute, with a noticeable increase a day or two aftera local rain storm. If the source were far away, we would not have found such a direct relationship between spring flow and local rainfall.”

Water Coldest in Summer

Ninety years ago Judge William C. Mills, early local settler, measured the flow as 107-1/2 gallons a minute, and the water temperature as nearly constant at about 53 degrees. Mr. Bennison declares that the water now issuing from the spring is nearly one-half degree cooler than that he measured last January.

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

1896 Giveaway — Distances/Fares, Best Records

Theses last pages complete the posts on the Towne Carlisle 1896 advertising giveaway. (An index to all entries in covering this item can be found on the Blog Multi-Part Series Page.)

The “Distances and Fares” page gives and indication of where people in Yellow Springs wanted to travel in 1896.

“Best Records” looks to be an early version of the Guinness Book. What does it tell us that the horse-racing records are at the very top? Was this list used to settle bets?











Best Records Made in the United States

TROTTING. Alix, 1894, 1 mile in 2,03-3/4.
PACING. Robert J, 1 mile in 2.01-1/2.
PACING. Flying Jib, 1 mile with running mate in 1.58-1/4.
RUNNING. Salvator, 1890, 1 mile in 1.35-1/2.
BICYCLE. Arthur Gardner, 1 mile, 1.42.
SWIMMING. A. J. Kenny, 100 yards in 1.9-3/4.
RUNNING. H. Bethune, 100 yds. 9-7/8 Sec.
WALKING. W. Perkins, 1 mile in 6.23.
RUNNING BACKWARDS. A. Forester, 100 yards in 14 Sec.
SKATING. G. D. Phillips, 100 yards, 9-1/2.
RUNNING BROAD JUMP. C. B. Fry, 23 ft., 6-1/2 in.
STANDING BROAD JUMP. A. P. Schwaner, 10 ft. 9-7/8 in.
STANDING HIGH JUMP. A. P. Schwaner, 5 ft. 3-1/4 in.
RUNNING HIGH JUMP. M. F. Sweeney, 6 ft. 5-5/8 in.
RUNNING HOP-STEP-&-JUMP. E. B. Bloss, 48 ft., 6 in.
STANDING HOP-STEP-&-JUMP. J. W. Rich, 29 ft. 11 in.
POLE LEAP. A. H. Greene, 27 ft., 5 in.
Highest stage of the Ohio River at Cincinnati, 71-3/4 ft., Feb. 1884

Distances and Fares Via the “Pan Handle’ R. R. From Yellow Springs To

Dist. Fare
Springfield, O., 10 miles, 30c
Enon Crossing, O., 5 “ 15c
Goes, O., 5 “ 15c
Xenia, O., 10 “ 30c
Cedarville, O., 18 “ 55c
Selma, O., 24 “ 70c
South Charleston, O., 29 “ 65c
London, O., 40 “ 95c
Spring Valley, O., 17 “ 50c
Waynesville, O., 24 “ 75c
Alpha, O., 16 “ 50c
Dayton, O. 26 “ 80c
Columbus, O., 63 “ $1.65
Morrow, O., 39 “ 1.15
Loveland, O., 52 “ 1.55
Milford, O., 61 “ 1.80
Cincinnati, O., 75 “ 2.25
Richmond, Ind., 67 “ 1.95
Indinnapolis, Ind., 135 “ 4.00
Louisville, Ky., 185” 5.75
Logansport, Ind., 175 “ 4.70
Chicago, Ill., 292 “ 7.75
St. Louis, Mo., 375 “ 9.70
Pittsburgh, Pa. 258 “ 7.05
Vincennes, Ind., 252 “ 7.50
Fort Wayne, Ind., 158 “ 3.75
Terre Haute, Ind., 207 “ 6.25
Baltimore, Md., 502 “ 14.00
Washington, D.C. 635 “ 14.00
Philadelphia, Pa., 612 “ 15.35
New York, N.Y., 703 “ 16.45
Boston, Mass., 933 “ 21.45

E. T. BALES, Agt.

Posted in Artifacts | Tagged | Leave a comment

“Turning Back the Hands of Time”

Another newspaper article about Yellow Springs in years gone by. Although the source and date of the article are not identified, it is obviously a reprint of earlier articles for which the date and source (Yellow Springs News) have been noted.

We see a mix of personal and civic concerns.

April 3, 1908
Mrs. William Hamilton, and baby daughter, of Columbus, came on Friday to visit her parents, Mr. and Mrs. John Young. Master William came a week since.

April 10, 1908
A joint meeting of the G.A.R. and W.R.C. Was held Sunday afternoon at their hall to make arrangements for Decoration exercises which promise to be the most interesting in years, besides the memorial address at the opera house by Dr. Rexford and the dedication of the cannon at the cemetery by Congressman Denver.

It is freely predicted that Clark County will vote dry in September and as to Greene county there is no doubt as to its going dry.

Mr. Charles Cox has bought from the heirs of the Alkire property.

The Prebyterian[sic] congregation has formally called Rev. Graham and he will be here permanently in about a month.

The return here of the family of Mr. James McKinney to Yellow Springs for permanent residence is pleasing to many. They have purchased the Lawrence homestead at the corner of Walnut and Short sts.

April 24, 1908
Council met last Friday evening in regular session. A committee of the residents along the Fairfield pike were present and makde a request to have the road taken out of the corporation.

We are officially advised that the big ten-inch Rodman Cannon for the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial in Glen Forest Cemetery was shipped from Fort Knox, Maine, on Thursday afternoon, April 16th and is likely to arrive about the last of next week, when Mr. Jacob M. Johnson will take full charge and attend to the transfer and mounting of the 15,000 lb. “Dog of War”on the [beau?]tiful rustic superstructure, now completed. It needs but a glance at the beautiful piece of masonary[sic] work, to decide that Tom Donley has done himself proud in its construction.

People were startled Tuesday morning at the sound of heavy blasting many thinking it to be the powder mills, but found it to be the work of wrecking the old dam at the Neff Grounds, preparatory to building a new one.

Posted in Artifacts | Leave a comment