From the Antioch Bookplate Archives — 1970s part 10

This last group of bookplate designs introduced in the 1970s demonstrates several trends that would continue.

Appeal to special interests is demonstrated by B-132 for children, B-133 and B-134 for fantasy aficionados, B-135 and B-136 for Christians

The years to come would also find more use of licensed artists like illustrator Steve Hickman (B-133 “Battle before the Gate” from Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings), illustrator Eleanor Wasmuth (B-136) and photographer Thomas Cushman Hayes (B-137).

Antioch bookplate B-130


Antioch bookplate B-131


Antioch bookplate B-132


Antioch bookplate B-133


Antioch bookplate B-134


Antioch bookplate B-135


Antioch bookplate B-136


Antioch bookplate B-137


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What Made Yellow Springs Historic (1937)

What follows is an unsourced newspaper article with “1/30/1937” handwritten on it.

Helped to Make “Springs” Historic

Here are just a few of the outstanding events that make Yellow Springs historical: Horace Mann, one of America’s greatest educators, spent seven years there as president of Antioch college. Gen. Rosecrans once lived in the town, in the home now occupied by the Cox family, southeast corner Elm and Walnut sts. Gen. Lew Wallace, author of “Ben Hur,” often visited the Rosecrans home, and Gen. Andrew Jackson, hero of New Orleans, was entertained there. Nathanial Hawthorne, the poet, sojourned in Yellow Springs, being entertained along with his wife, the former Sophia Peabody, at the home of Horace Mann. In this house, corner of Walnut and Short sts., now occupied by Editor Wolford of the Yellow Springs News, one is shown the room where Hawthorne’s lovely wife, who portrayed “Hilda” in the “Marble Faun,” slept while visiting the Manns.

In this same home now occupied by the [Wolfords], and who in memory of its once distinguished guest, refer to one of the sleeping chambers as “Hilda’s apartment,” Horace Mann entertained Josia Quinicy, mayor of Boston; William Lloyd Garrison, abolitionist; Edward Everett Hale, author and eminent divine, and in the day of the old Neff tavern, Daniel Webster and Henry Clay were often observed in the “Glen” earnestly talking over the affairs of state.

The posts from the trellis of historic Neff house of the glen form the pillars of the porch of a home in Xenia av. in the village, and in those selfsame pillars are bullet holes made by Henry Clay while shooting at a mark when he sojourned at the famous old hostelry. And here is a hint to the curious—the home is not open to the public.

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4th of July Wheeling Gaunt Float Special Activity

The committee (of which YS Historical Society president Dave Neuhardt is a member) working to have a statue of Wheeling Gaunt created will be promoting this effort with a float in the 4th of July parade and an associated giveaway/contest:

Giant puppet of Wheeling Gaunt

Giant puppet of Gaunt from Bicentennial Pageant in July of 2003

“Watch for the Wheeling Gaunt 4th of July parade float. We are giving out brochures about Wheeling Gaunt and 200 tiny bags of flour. If you receive a bag, check inside! You may be the lucky winner. In one of them is a special prize! The winner is invited for a visit to the studio of Sculptor Brian Maughan to receive a gift from the artist of an original drawing of Wheeling Gaunt.” —Nancy Mellon


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Before There Was YouTube…

Heartwarming and/or unusual animal stories didn’t start with advent of cell phone videos, and Yellow Springs has had its share (even ghostly ones).

This newspaper article found among those collected by Mary E. Morgan, shares one such story:

[Xenia D]aily Gazette
May 14, 1969

Mother Swan Shot, But ‘Dad’ Hatches 5 Eggs

By Phyllis Morrissette
Gazette Staff Writer

YELLOW SPRINGS — Five motherless cygnets are alive today because a male swan finished the hatching chores after his mate was killed by a sniper here April 12.

The nesting female, one of a dozen adult swans owned by Mr. and Mrs. Richard DeWine, Fairfield Pk., was the second of three swans shot at the edge of the lake on the DeWines’ property. The first was killed last year and the other in late April.

The male has been guarding his babies closely since their birth May 6 and they are getting noticeably larger each day, Mrs. DeWine says.

She estimates the father’s age about 18 years. He is one of their first pair of swans, acquired about 15 years ago. Swans, which mate for life, are known to live as long as 150 years.

Both village police and sheriff’s forces have investigated the shooting, but the sniper has not been caught. Although the DeWines’ land with its lake and animal refuge is outside the village, the swans were shot from behind as they sat on their nests facing the lake, and it is thought possible that the shootings were done from the nearby railroad line, inside village limits, which overlook the lake.

The lake is popular with ice skaters in winter and with sightseers all year around, for the owners, who love animals, welcome visitors who stop along the fence by the street and throw bread to the dozens of water birds or just watch the birds and animals. The fence shows wear from the thousands of children’s feet that have climbed up for a better look in the 10 years the animals have been there.

A llama, left over from a Peace Corps project at the Outdoor Education Center two years ago, is the most unusual of the animals.

There are also quite a few sika (Japanese) deer, peacocks, snow geese, Canada geese, mallard ducks and pigeons. Mrs. DeWine says all sorts of ducks land but don’t stay, and people bring them unwanted Easter-gift animals, for which the DeWines find other places.

The family still chuckles over the eagerness last year of a pair of Canada geese, which had nested behind Jospeh Schwartz’s house south of Clifton, to bring their babies “home” to the lake. The geese, she explains, need an island on which to build their nest and the DeWine lake has no island, so the pair went to Clifton. As the fledglings were too young to fly the four miles, their parents walked them along the road, stopping traffic.

Two other pairs of swans are still nesting, and an old pair, which nests at the village lake on Polecat Rd., hatched cygnets this year..

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1910s Cemetery Book — Pages 28 and 29

The last few months of 1918 and the first few of 1919 possibly show the impact of the great flu epidemic, both from specific cause of death as “flu” and perhaps from the unusually high number of deaths from pulmonary causes.

There were a few startling and tragic causes – fire, drowning and strangulation by hanging. One wishes that there were explanatory notes attached to the bare listing to fill out the details of the circumstances. For example, in the case of Caroline Braden, was the hanging suicide, homicide or execution?

UPDATE: Robin Heise of Yellow Springs Heritage and Greene County archivist found an article from the March 8, 1919 issue of the Cincinnati Enquirer which reports on Caroline Braden: 



Dayton, Ohio, March 7.—Mrs. Caroline H. Braden, 69 years old, despondent over the death of her husband, hanged herself to-night at her home here. Mrs. Braden’s body was found by her sister, Adelaide Hardy, who came here from Xenia.

October 3, 1918 — L. H. Ane — Bronchial Pneumonia — U.S. Naval Hospital, Great Lakes, Ill.
October 15, 1918 — Mrs. Ella J. Kalb-fus — Bronchial Pneumonia — Yellow Springs, Ohio
October 19, 1918 — Miss Cordelia Hume — Chronic Pul. Tuberculosis — Springfield Hosp.
October 20, 1918 — Myrtle F. Young — Bronchial Pneumonia — Hustead, Ohio
October 28, 1918 — Samual Brown — Influenza — Dayton, Ohio
November 1, 1918 — Louise Mary Watkins — Burned to death – coal oil on fire — Near Springfield, Ohio
November 2, 1918 — Mrs. Lillial L. Sparrow — Bronchial Pneumonia — Yellow Springs, Ohio
November 18, 1918 — Ebenezer Sanford — Pul. Tuberculosis — Springfield, Ohio
November 22, 1918 — Betty E. Bynum — Cerebral Hemorrhage — Xenia, Ohio
November 22, 1918 — Lawrence Geller — Accidental drowning — in creek or river near Springfield
December 4, 1918 — Nellie Walker — Bronchial Pneumonia — Near Yellow Springs, OhioN
December 9, 1918 — Mrs. Sarah Ann Johnson — Bronchial Pneumonia — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
December 9, 1918 — Julia Ella Fogg — Failure F-O-to close — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
December 10, 1918 — Gilbert Ed. Clark — Catarrhal Pneumonia — Dayton, ohio

December 15, 1918 — Keith E. Wike — Pneumonia, Acute — Savannah, Georgia
December 16, 1918 — Alice Helen Beatty — Pneumonia, Flu — Near Oldtown, Ohio
December 31, 1918 — Elizabeth Cleo Johnson — Lobar Pneumonia — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
January 2, 1919 — Wm. Shaffer — Cancer of stomach — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
January 5, 1919 — Kathryn L. Collins — Bron. Pneumonia — Kentville, Nova Scotia, Canada
January15, 1919 — Bernice A. Deady — Flu, Pneumona —Springfield, Ohio
January 20, 1919 — Clara Mae Roberts — Flu, Heart disease — Near Oldtown, Ohio
February 14, 1919 — John G. Brewer — Mitral Insufficiency, Old age 85 — Soldiers’ Home in Dayton, Ohio
February 20, 1919 — Infant, Layton — Convulsions — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
March 10, 1919 — Lawrence Ed. Taylor — Scarlet Fever — Yellow Springs, Ohio
March 10, 1919 — Caroline H. Braden — Strangulation by hanging — Dayton, Ohio
March 11, 1919 — John Preston Young — Peritonitis — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio
March 11, 1919 — Angeline [?] Shaw — Cardiacal Asthma — Near Yellow Springs, Ohio

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Another Turn of the Cycle

The Ohio Chautauqua stay in Clifton starts today (with a few events held in Yellow Springs); Antioch College continues to confront financial challenges with inventiveness and courage; and politics is always part of the social DNA.

The October 4, 1956  Centennial issue of the Yellow Springs News contained an article transcribed below covering all three topics. (A previous post on Chautauquas can be found here, and previous posts on Fess can be found here and here.)

Yellow Springs’ Chautauquas during the first two decades of the 20th century drew crowds from all over Ohio. Conducted by Antioch College’s then president Simeon D. Fess, the events were held in big tents in Neff Park (now Glen Helen)( near the Yellow Springs.

Fess Brought Chautauqua

Simeon D. Fess, Antioch College president 1907-17, brought a chautauqua to Yellow Springs which stimulated the town’s economy and kept the doors of Antioch open at a time when the institution’s fortune was at a low ebb. He came to Yellow Springs as a renowned educator of Chicago University and left the college after entering politics and being elected to U. S. Congress.

Fess kept his home here and became U. S. Senator, one of the most powerful and influential during the Coolidge and Hoover administrations.

Fess attended college at Ohio University, alternating as public school teacher and student to earn his desgree. After teaching history for several years, he was asked to become Antioch president.

The school was run down at that point, in one of a series of slumps throughout its history. Fess started the Antioch Cummer School here, bringing teachers from throughout the state.

Along with the summer shool, Fess started the summer chautauqua, a series of lectures and entertainment by people known throughout the country. The chautauquas drew national figures for the programs and crowds came from throughout this area to attend.

The chautauqua was held in a big tent near the spring in the Glen, above what was then a boating-size lake.

Such famous personalges as William Jennings bryan, William Howard Taft and Champ Clark were among the national personages who took part in the summer events.

Fess received little financial gain from the college, according to sons lowell and Henry Lehr Fess. But he felt a great deal of reverence for the first president, Horace Mann and wanted to help build the college to its former status.

In 1913 he was elected to Congress. By 1917 his political duties had grown too large to do justice to both jobs and he rsigned from the Antioch presidency.

Politically, Fess was a prohibitionist, a loyal party man and a violent fighter of Roosevelt and the New Deal. He served as congressman from 1913 5o 1923 and Senator from 1923 to 1935.

One highlight of his political career came in 1918, when he was chosen as chairman of the Republican national congressional committee. Ten years later, he became chairman of the Republican convention and keynote speaker at the convention and in 1930, was named chairman of the national committee.

Fess was defeated for re-election to the Senate in 1934. During 1935 and 1936, he returned to the task of student and did research in English history with intentions of writing a book on the parliamentary British government.

A week after his 75th birthday on December 11, 1936, Fess died in Yellow Springs.

Until a few years ago, Mr. Fess’ son, Ohio senator Lowell Fess and family lived in Senator Fess’ home at 830 Xenia Ave., in which at least two U. S. presidents—William Howard Taft and Warren G. Harding—several vice presidents and numerous senators, congressmen and other political greats have been guests. The old mansion is now occupied by Boyd Funeral Home.

Simeon Fess

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Why They Came — Pages 38 – 41

(Previous entries here, here, herehere, herehere, here, here, and here.)

These pages give an overview of the economic activity which provided the tax base and the governmental structure.

Page 38

David Case and Hardy Trolander, proprietors of Yellow Springs Instrument Co., are shown here in their plant which manufactures precision electronic instruments.

David Jones is shown below. He records and issues albums of contemporary jazz records.

Charles Colbert, consulting engineer, heads Westgate Laboratory, Inc., an engineering laboratory employing other people.

The Antioch Bookplate Co., founded in 1922 by Ernest Morgan, shown above, produces practically all bookplates made in this country.

Page 39

Read Viemeister and Budd Steinhilber are partners in Vie Design Studio, an industrial design and graphic arts studio with wide recognition in the middle west.

The Antioch Press works in association with Antioch College and publishes a number of journals and books related toeducation. Freeman Champney, director, is shown below.

Bahnsen Studio, a photographic studio headed by Eleanor Bahnsen, does portrait photography and processes color film for a large market area in this region.

Odiorne Industrial Advertising, an industrial advertising agency started in 1948, prepares publication advertising and technical literature for leading industrial manufacturers. Below: Richard Odiorne and Paul Cooper.

Kip Productions, a young organization of Antioch students, creates animation for television films. John Korty is shown left.

Page 40

Yellow Springs began its Council-Manager form of government in 1950; the Village Council is shown at left in one of its monthly meetings. Left to right: William Duncan; John King; David Jenkins; William Beatty, president; Hilda Rahn, secretary; Fred Kershner (who served on the Council over many years past); Howard Kahoe, manager; and Theodore Hamilton.

The Planning Commission, agent of the Council in planning and zoning, is shown in one of its monthly sessions: William Duncan, Read Viemeister, Louise Odiorne, Philip Gearhardt, and John Lounsbury. Kahoe is standing behind Gearhardt.

The Township Trustees, who administer Miami Township affairs, hold meetings at the Fire House. Below, l. to r., Fay Fluke, secretary; Leroy Loe, Edward Bittner and Philip Gearhardt.

Page 41

Mayor Leo Hughes, upper left, official head of the Village, is shown holding mayor’s court, with police officer Estel Boggs at right. Below left is Howard Kahoe, Village Manager, who brings long experience and “home town” personality to his job.

Police Chief Russell Bradley, above, caught in the act of preparing to distribute candy to children on Halloween, one of several activities which help to make juvenile delinquiency in Yellow Springs almost nil.

Rufus Benning, above left, and other members of the Benning family have been loyal and energetic employees of the village for many years and have contributed a great deal to effective utility growth and service.

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It’s Street Fair Time Again

The set of pictures below was taken of a Street Fair (date unknown) by former local merchant Jon Ott. Street Fair these days has  more vendors, covers more of the downtown area and has more entertainment.

The Yellow Springs Historical Society has a centrally located booth with displays of Yellow Springs history and items for sale (our own published books, mugs with our logo, maps by local artist Joe Williams, and items from the Antioch Publishing Company).

Historical Society Souvenir Mug

Join the fun and pick up a souvenir of Yellow Springs to remember the day.


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This and That (and That, Too)

First of all, YS Historical Society board member Jean Payne kindly provided photographs of the Odd Fellows’ Memorial Day  observation:

Note the damage on the cannonballs’ base. There is also serious wear on the cannon’s base. The Odd Fellows are in the process of researching what it will take to repair.

Secondly, the Historical Society will have its usual booth at Street Fair this coming Saturday, June 10, close to the intersection of Short Street and Xenia Avenue. We will be offering mugs, books, maps and several kinds of products from the Antioch Publishing Company.

Thirdly, among the unidentified newspaper articles collected by Mary E. Morgan was this curiosity. Granted, it does not concern Yellow Springs history, but it does take place in the next county south (Sabina is in the northeast corner of Clinton Clounty).

Seen by Many, Known by None:Eugene Buried after 35 Years
October 21, 1964

by David Myers

Eugene died in obscurity, lay in state for 35 years to become a famous mystery, and was buried today because his guardians could no longer countenance the increasing harassment by vandals.

They say that more than a million persons visited the unidentified man in the little brick smokehouse behind Littleton funeral home, Sabina. I was one of those. I don’t remember the exact year, but I was in grade school, very curious and very impressionable.

Those were quieter times. Vandalism was something you read about in the big city papers. Eugene lay in state on a draped catafalque with no barriers between him and the visitors. The registry was at the left. Nearly a million names were inscribed there before the books were closed.

Eugene—my schoolmates had told me—turned to stone by magic when he died. A man turned to stone? What schoolboy could resist? I reached forward to touch the cheek. It had the feel of fine, tightly-drawn parchment. I drew back, half expecting him to sit up and scold me for my effrontery.

But he did not move. He seemed to have a contented half-smile, as if in a doze, and the most brilliant gold teeth I had seen before or since.

LATER, vandals were to extract those gold teeth. Three years ago, college students from Cincinnati stole Eugene from his then wired-in enclosure and deposited him on a park bench at Ohio State University. The boys were expelled from school and Eugene was returned.

Continued harassment by pranksters led Littleton funeral home to the decision to bury Eugene after a long and fruitless search for surviving relatives or any kind of identification. Eugene was buried in a simple, dignified committal service conducted at Sabina Cemetery by Dr. F. M. Wentz, local minister.

The unidentified man’s unusual story began the night of June 5, 1929. He was seen walking through Sabina on the CCC Highway. Witnesses said he appeared ill. Two miles east of Sabina, the man about 50 to 60 years old, apparently leaned against a fence post to rest. A group of workmen found him the next morning. The coroner said he died of natural causes.

ONLY CLUE to identity was an address written on a slip of tablet paper, 1118 Yale Ave., Cincinnati. This turned out to be a vacant lot. Nearest resident was a man named Eugene Johnson, and that’s how Eugene got his name.

Required to keep the body of an unidentified person 30 days, the Littleton funeral home embalmed him in the regular method and waited. Preservation such as this was not unusual, aides said. Weeks stretched into months and no identity was established.

Eugene was well care for at Littleton’s. The interior of the building was remodeled. He got a new suit each year. A screen was built to protect him. On holidays and summer weekends, long lines of people waited to pass by the bier of this unknown man. And not one person came forward to tell who Eugene really was.

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Yellow Springs Abecedary

When the Yellow Springs Historical Society was planning activities for the Yellow Springs Bicentennial in 2004, one of the possibilities considered and encouraged by Mary E. Morgan was an ABC book of Yellow Springs references. Although it never came to pass, below are the Yellow Springs names and concepts suggested:

Antioch, Activism, Artists, Authors

Bryan, Bookplate, Birch, Bike Path, Bullskin Trace, Batchelor (Hedy, married Towne Carlisle)

Conway, Churches, Chautauqua, Cemeteries, Community, Calendar, Carr Nursery

DeWine Seed, Disasters, Diversity

Entertainment (Christmas Tree Festival, Center Stage), Eateries

Fess, Farming (Pioneer Hybrid Seed, Famous Bull), Fires (10 May 1895 and 6 November 1891)

Gaunt, Glen Helen, Grinnell, Grange

Health Resorts, Hominy

Ink, Inc., Inventors

July, Jazz Johnson, Jobs

Kettering, Kelly, Kids

Library, Ladley, Legends, Ludlow, Lodges

Mann, Mills, Morgan, Musicians


Owenite, Opera House, Outdoor Education Center

Parks, Pioneer Hybrid Seed Co., Prehistory, Pavilion

Quests, Questioning

Religion, Ross, Railroad

Shakespeare, Shoes, Scouting, Sports

Trees, Trails, Tavern, Trailside Museum


  Unique, Utopians

Vernet, Voices

Whitehall, White Snakeroot, Wars

Xenia Avenue

Yellow Spring


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