Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 17

Della explores Antioch and some cultural adventures.

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).


After eleven years of work spent in the Public Schools, Father found the new position pleasant and rewarding.

College Preparatory subjects taught by him in the beginning years were stimulating as many of his students were fairly mature.

Father’s interest in the study of History was strong and as years went by he was able to devote more and more attention to that subject so that he finally attained the goal of full professorship in the field of history on the Antioch faculty.

To the members of our Miller family Antioch College held not only a personal interest but a traditional one as well for our father’s brothers and sisters, cousins, nieces and nephews all had turned to Antioch for some part of their educational experience.

Stories of early Antioch, its beginnings, its growth, its many discouragements and tribulations are the fabric of a great tradition, very dear to those who have been a part of her and have followed her fortunes thruout the years.

(More complete details of history given elsewhere)

Much of this tradition has been closely entwined with experiences of our own family and incidents come to light as we go along in a story of home, of friends, and of interesting features of the little town of Yellow Springs.

Near the time of Father’s entrance to the faculty circle Antioch was still in the midst of some of her many difficulties.

An aged minister of the Christian Denomination was carrying on as President in a very ineffectual manner.

Some reorganization and changes in personnel were long overdue.

A new President was secured and other changes made. With the accession of Dr. D. A. Long as President Antioch experienced a period of renewed vitality. While Dr. Long was a minister in the Christian Church he had also been educated in the fields of law and of education as well.

Memories of the Long Family

The Long family came to Antioch from South Durham, North Carolina. His family had been loyal to the Union cause but members of Mrs. Long’s family were identified with the Confederacy.

Mrs. Long was a gentle and diplomatic lady and soon came to fit well into the simple pattern on life in a small college town in the north.

A firm friendship was established between our families which is still cherished by those of us who remain.

Dr. Daniel Albright Long and Mrs. Long and their three children, Carrie, Daniel Albright Jr. and Maggie Bell. (right)

Trivial incidents often make lasting impressions upon the mind of a child. I still remember the Longs as they appeared on their first Sunday at the Christian Church. A sister of Mrs. Long and a niece of the president were in the party and they all came in the one really pretentious carriage that a Yellow Springs livery stable afforded.

The young ladies were fashionably attired in gowns of silk with trimmings of ribbon pleating and lace.

It was the hats tho that impressed me most.

The “Cyclone” hat was new to me. The back brim turned clear over the crown to meet the front in a profusion of flowers, and ostrich plumes banked the back.

I don’t remember that the “Cyclone” hat became the vogue in little Yellow Springs, maybe it did among young ladies.

Matronly ladies of the church wore more sedate attire. A good black gown of cashmere or sometimes silk with beaded trimmings was practically the badge of a mature woman of that era, and a horseshoe bonnet was her head piece.

Antioch College

Main Building

North entrance and North Hall, the Women’s Dormitory.

The college dining room was on the first floor of this building.

 This residence was occupied by President Long during his presidency 1883 to 1899

It was destroyed by fire in 1924 and was replaced by a new building for the College Library.

An early experience in Melodrama in Springfield Opera House

Dated Spring 1889

When we visited in Springfield Cyrus the married brother and his wife Mayme liked to treat us to a dinner at their apartment and a show afterwards.

Such shows were a real treat to us for at that time the Yellow Springs Opera House had not yet been built and Picture Shows were unknown.

Visits to the Judy Home

Early visits to this family were made in London O, but the Judy’s finally moved to Troy and our memories of that house are most distinct.

Molly our sorrel mare conveyed us thru the country in our “Jagger” and for company we often took with us Bertha Miller or Carrie Ellis.

Aunt Kate’s home was close to the town High School building where the annual County Teacher’s Association was held each summer.

On these occasions Aunt Kate often furnished luncheons for a large group of teachers in attendance.

They appreciated the good food and Aunt Kate enjoyed having them at her table.

She had been a teacher herself in former years and these occasions gave her an opportunity to renew her interest in teacher problems and brush up on teacher talk.

Aunt Kate was a master planner when it came to getting through with a day’s work efficiently.

Company in the home at such times might easily have seemed a burden to some folks but Aunt Kate always managed to handle it.

While she prepared luncheon for the teachers the extra hands of the guests took care of the morning work. Even now I seem to hear her directions, “Elsie and Carrie can make the beds and straighten up while Berthie and Dellie wash the dishes.”

“Dellie” washed plenty of dishes at home and our mother could never quite understand why she should be eager to go visiting where there were still many dishes to wash.

Aunt Kate was kind tho and always managed to plan some special events that would help to make our visits a pleasure.

With our own carriage at our disposal we could pay visits to other relatives and friends in Piqua and thereabouts.

In many ways Aunt Kate was in advance of the average women of her time.

Civic affairs were always of concern to her and she participated in any kind of welfare projects where help was needed and she could lend a hand.

She was an early advocate of woman’s suffrage. Later on in life, while living in Yellow Springs, she was one of the first women candidates for an elective office in the town. In the year [?] she and Mrs. John Young were elected to membership in the Board of Education in the village of Yellow Springs.

She became a charter member of the Women’s Social Culture Club.

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Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 16

Della shares more school memories and memorabilia, then introduces a major change in their lives – they move to Antioch College.

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

Most schools of the period reserved a period on Friday afternoons for Literary Exercises.

Some organized the pupils in Literary Societies. Elsie has furnished the Roll of the Stella Society. The above brings to mind the names of some pupils long forgotten.

[Page 77 contains samples of the kinds of things schoolchildren collected]

The above are a few leaves from a booklet of songs copied by Elsie for the morning period of music in her grade at school.

“Oh the Sports of Childhood” was a favorite with me.

Oh the sports of childhood
Roaming thru the wildwood
Singing in the meadow, happy and free
How my heart’s a beating
With the old time greeting
Swinging neath the old apple tree.

Chorus — Swinging, Swinging, Swinging, Swinging
Swinging neath the old apple tree

May Day Morning” always gave my spirits a lift.

May day morning bright and clear
May day morning at last is here
Haste we to the woods away
For tis nature’s festal day, etc.

One song used in the lower grades had a distinctly depressing effect upon me.

“Idle Hands”

Idle hands tis often said
Doing nothing, doing nothing
Indicate an empty head
Doing nothing, doing nothing

There was more to it but that much was plenty for me.

Another song of the period (It may not have been a school song) always struck a solemn note with me

“Years of our Childhood”

Years of our childhood merry with play
Years of our youthtide happy and gay
Years of our manhood covered with care
Years where then cometh silvery hair.

Chorus — Swiftly and silently
Onward they roll
Each one is bringing us
Nearer the goal.

From the Village School to Antioch College Faculty

It was in the fall of 1882 that our Father resigned his position in the Village school and became a member of the faculty of Antioch College.

At this time in her history Antioch was a very small college indeed. Members of her teaching staff were pitifully few and it was often necessary for a teacher to cover a number of subjects to round out a curriculum that could meet proper educational standards.

Group of the Faculty of Antioch College, 1883-4.

Seated — left to right:
Miss Sarah B. Hagar – Instrumental Music
Miss Kate Steen – Vocal Music
Mrs. J. D. Chambers, Matron & Inst. In English
Rev. Daniel A. Long, President
Miss Evelyn Darling, Prof. French, Germ. & Eng. Lit.
Mrs. G. R. Hammond, Drawing & Painting

Standing, left to right
J. Peery Miller, History, Physiology & English
Frank H. Tufts, Mathematics
Walter S. Hendrixson, Chem, Physics & Botany
Amos R. Wells, Greek, Geol., Zool. & Astron.
Gilbert R. Hammond, Latin & Greek
Oscar A. Thomas, Commercial Dept.

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Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 15

Della gets back to her personal experiences in this section covering early Yellow Springs schools. 

The Hyde School was located on Hyde Road at the bend of the road close to the driveway to Morris Bean. The building is still there and is now a private home.

And don’t forget the program this Sunday at 2:00 pm…

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

The Hyde School

My first school days were spent at this school, and my first and only experience in school teaching was acquired in the same school during the school year 1895-1896

When I was about five years old father was teaching at this school.

Elsie had already entered the town school. Since I was too young to be admitted there I sometimes went along with my father to pass the time and to get what I could out of a school program.

Thanks to Grandma, I could already read and was able to go along with first graders as they sat on the long wooden font bench to recite.

The walk from our house to the school was a long one. Sometimes I wasn’t ready to go where time came to start.

Once I fooled around too long and was left behind to go along by myself. I cried as loudly as I could but was too far behind to be heard. I had to round the corner by the woods alone and that was what I dreaded to do.

This school had all the earmarks of an old-time country school from water pail and dipper to muddy booted boys.

Sometimes the big boys would stir up a skunk in the nearby woods. The boys didn’t seem to mind the odor at all but that and certain stale odors about that building are things that I can never forget.

A row of tin pails on a shelf in the entry carried lunches for the “scholars” as they were termed.

Usually a lunch contained an extra piece of pie to be eaten at “Recess.”

Boys always shelled out walnuts at nutting time and seemed to take especial pride in displaying the ugly brown stains on their hands.

The Hyde School was the last of the succession of township schools taught by our father.

[transcription of article]


Among the many superintendents who, each added their share to the worth of the school, we find the name of William Haffner a product of our own schools. Mr. Haffner had grown a reputation, with the passing years for discipline. There were plenty of good boys and girls in schools but those who were bad were usually very bad and deliberately plotted to “Run them out.” But Dr. Haffner would not be bluffed by their cave man tactics and could play that game himself and rather enjoyed it. The majority of…[article cuts off]

Teachers at the Town School

My first teacher at this school was Miss Maggie McWork a maiden lady of rather advanced years and much too old for little folks.

She had one method of punishment for any kind of offense — a sharp rap of her ever present lead pencil on the fingers of the offender.

She rapped mine once and I never forgave her for I had no idea whatever what I had done to offend.

I was glad when I was promoted to the next grade, but alas for me! Miss McWork was promoted too.

The second teacher was neither too old nor too homely but she had a sharp tongue and had “Pets”. Little girls who wore the daintiest white aprons, had pretty faces, or flowing curls got every favor. That spelled injustice to me.

Lessons were not too hard for me, but sometimes a prolonged attack of tonsilitis would put me behind the class. Once upon my return to school I found the class were having “Least Common Multiple” and “Greatest Common Divisor” and I didn’t know what they were talking about and that teacher didn’t help me out.

I went home in tears that night and my father who never failed a pupil in need of help straightened things out for me.

I remember Miss Rebecca Lawson[?] and Alice Galloway, teachers who were pleasant and always fair.

The succession that followed was uninspiring. Days were drab with little to vary the routine. Spelling and Grammar, not bad Arithmetic, mostly tables and Geography mostly maps.

What these studies led to was none too apparent to me.

A sense of awakening never came to me in that old school building.

I loved the woods back of the school building when Margaret Hill and I would go at noon-time to gather wild flowers in spring, nuts and acorns and lovely maple leaves in fall.

What a lift it would have given me if we had been directed toward some study of mature or of art.

The Union School — Built in 1872

The history of the establishment of this school has been told in clippings from Y. S. News Oct. 15 – 1926.

This building contained the first High School.

Except for the addition of the fire escapes on the left, the building appears today much as it did in the days of my youth but the interior has seen many changes.

My most vivid recollections are of the big auditorium with its raised floor and its good stage.

This room was used for all school entertainments and commencement exercises. It also served as a Town Hall, until an Opera House was built in _____

Full program on next page

We always attended these exercises and to me they were gala occasions. I don’t remember the essays but the recitations and the music seemed impressive.

So, too, were the big bouquets of flowers placed before each girl graduate when she had finished her piece.

Sometimes the number of bouquets indicated the lady’s popularity rather than the excellence of her production.

“Last Day of School” exercises were important events.

I could commit readily and usually spoke a piece probably from Longfellow’s poems which were popular selections for programs in those days.

A few of the declaimers and their selections I can never forget. Margaret Hill’s solemn tone was truly dramatic in “The Wreck of the Hesperus.”

A favorite with Herbert Ellis was Longfellow’s “I shot an arrow into the air, It fell to earth I know not where” etc.

Herb always brought applause when he declaimed “Mr. Phinney and his Turnip.”

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Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 14

Della shifts her attention from businesses and politicians to doctors and schools.

And don’t forget the program this Sunday at 2:00 pm…

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

The McClure twins were proud to be considered among the leaders in the social life of the village.
Marguerite had aspirations to be a singer. The dramatic quality of her performances were not always popular with Yellow Springs audiences. However she appeared on programs now and then.

The above picture shows the Hopkins homes on the right. On the left is the Birch homestead. Although built by the early physician Dr. Elihu Thorne with a cottage for an office, this home has been owned and occupied by three generations of the Birch family.
Tradition points to a famous elm tree said to be the largest in this country if not the world which stood near the sidewalk east of the house. The tree succumbed to elm blight in ? And had to be removed.

Medical Service in Yellow Springs — The News Sept. 13th  1912

My personal recollections are confined to these men Dr. J. M. Harris, Dr. E. A. Thorne son of the early Elihu Thorne, Dr. Humphrey, Dr. Baldwin, and Dr. Baker the only homeopath in the group.
Dr. Harris was our own especial doctor. He took care of our family needs until we children were grown and he had given up his practice in the town.
To us he was both physician and friend — a jovial friend too so we really enjoyed his calls.
For tonsilitis our home remedy was always a gargle made from chips fom our old oak tree. (Strange it didn’t die from so many hacks to its base.)
When the doctor arrived the remedy was always a gargle of Chlorate of Potash.
In winter time Dr. Harris wore an enormous crocheted muffler around his neck. This was made from brown wool with a deep border of many colored yarn and had a deep fringe.
In summer time he often rode a bicycle. He was one of the first in town to ride the tall wheel..
[transcription of first article]

September 13, 1912
Early Doctors of Yellow Springs
England would never call any town old unless it had an existence of some hundreds of years. America considers a town of quite respectable antiquity that has a record of one hundred years.
In England or Germany families frequently live on, generation after generation, with but little change, in the same place. In America it is otherwise, the change from place to place is so great. Frequently a family will be born and brought up in a place and in a few more years be scattered in all directions, and their native place may lose sight of them. Someone who knew them may come and ask for them and be replied to by an indifferent “don’t know, didn’t know such people ever lived here.”
The foregoing is practically the reply to a visitor here who inquired concerning the family of a once prominent physician living in this place, and yet Yellow Springs is young compared with the villages of the old countries, not having yet reached the age of three score and ten. This question leads to the thought as to who were the medical advisers of this vicinity in its early days, because even when a dense forest covered every foot of ground where the town of Yellow Springs now stands, excepting a spot on the Yellow Springs House grounds where a log cabin stood on the site where the Home for the Aged formerly stood, (1931 Bryan High) there was in Miami Township a scattered population liable to become sick, as folks do today, and just as much in need of medical advice. Early in last century when a heavy frost covered the ground, west of the creek there began to be life and activity at the spring where a hotel was built, by which a primitive road from Xenia to Springfield passed. This road was a devious one, winding through the woods over hill and dale, it came by a grist mill where Grinnell’s mill now is, and kept  on along the east side of the creek through the glen to the spring and from there, not far from the line of the present road wound on to Springfield.. The people, mostly lived along this road, which in winter, was well nigh impassible. The doctors that must come at the call of the people, when sick, living along this line of road, resided in Clifton and Xenia. Dr. Newell was in Clifton for a great many years, and Dr. Joshua Martin, a brother-in-law of Judge Mills, was at the head of his profession in Xenia. These were the prominent physicians. These Doctors truly, had an extensive practice, nor were they called by phone either as doctors are today, but by some who rode to them on horseback over almost impassible roads, oftimes through darkness and rain.
Dr. Isaac Thorne of Selma was attracted to Clifton because it was then an active business place. It [?] Clifton, intended to have a railroad but Judge Mills was ahead and secured it for this place and began to build the town upon his land in 1845. Then Dr. Isaac Thorne came here from Clifton and built a house now the property of the daughters of the late Mrs. Thompson. (Mrs. Whiting). Shortly after his removal here Dr. Cheney came from Mechanicsburg and together Drs. Cheney and Thorne built the large Water Cure establishment on the east side of the creek in Sheldon’s Glen. Water cure was the treatment then in high favor, and for a time it flourished here as elsewhere. A Dr. Reynold’s was here for a brief time, Dr. W. W. Dawson afterward a prominent physician of Cincinnati and president of the Cincinnati Medical College, lived in the house now occupied by S. A. Rahn. Dr. Elihu Thorne, who had studied with  his brother, built the house now the residence of Mr. J. M. Birch. Dr. Elihu Thorne had a large practice and was very popular. Dr. Pennell and Dr. Taylor who staffed with Dr. Thorne lived but a short time after they left here and began practice. Dr. Grimes came here along 1850. He had an extensive practice. He bought out Dr. Isaac Thorne, corner of Xenia Ave. and Limestone street. Then Dr. Hartman of Persaa[?]  fame and now so prominent in Columbus affairs, came from his home Fairfield, and hanging out his sign on the east side of Xenia Avenue, north of Glen Street, made his maiden bow in the medical profession to the people here, who by that time were coming rapidly, attracted by the new college which was to be built. A Dr. Winans came and hung his sign at the house where Dr. Wm. Haffner now resides. Dr. Owens in early 50’s bought out the interest of Dr. Cheney in the Water Cure. Dr. Owens was long connected with the Cincinnati Medical College and was a man of high repute in his profession. He took much interest in the college, and the work of Horace Mann and was a frequent and welcome visitor there. Dr. Owens was also connected with the Water cure establishment at Granville, but owing to some financial trouble he sold out his interests and returned to Cincinnati where he resumed his work of professor in the Medical college. This article will show that a number of men then high in the medical profession were connected with the early history of Yellow Springs. Who the doctors were after the 50’s will be told later.

[transcription of second article]


Items taken from the files of the “News”
November 24, 1911
The recent death of Dr. William Protzman at his late home, Lincoln, Neb., calls to mind the fact that for  several years he was one of the practicing physicians of this place. During his residence here in the late sixties, he owned and occupied the property now belonging to Dr. L. L. Taylor, which was when Dr. Protzman first bought it, a one-story brick cottage. He added a second story. He came here from Fairfield as did also Dr. Taylor.

Schools in Yellow Springs

The story of the early schools of my home town is known to me only thru such bits of historical data as I have been able to salvage from time to time, from published accounts in the local press.
They can speak best for themselves.

[transcription of article]


The following interesting facts about the schools are taken from old school records in the possession of Towne Carlisle.

The original townships in Ohio were six miles square, these being redivided into 36 sections each section one mile square, and containing 640 acres. These townships might well be called “Surveyor” Townships, and have no connection with the more modern townships, which is an administrative district. The former were laid out in regulation shape and size, by the National Government, while the latter might be any size and shape and were surveyed by the county authorities to simplify county administration.
Greene county had  had erected within her borders fourteen townships, but by setting off part of her territory to Champaign and Clark counties, two of these were lost. At the beginning of Greene County it was composed of four townships, Sugarcreek, Beavercreek, Mad River, and Caesarcreek. The present number is twelve, Bath, Beavercreek, Caesarcreek, Cedarville, Jefferson, Miami, New Jasper, Ross, Silvercreek, Spring Valley, and Xenia townships.
Miami Township was organized out of parts of Xenia and Bath in June 8, 1808.
School districts were [word covered by ink blot] with an especial interest to the scholars, giving [word hidden by ink blot] resident the opportunity to send children to the nearest school, so school districts often overlapped township borders, for they were a sort of administrative unit in themselves. So now with a pretty general knowledge of state, county, township, and school district organization, we shall take up our own township school records.
History of the Schools of Miami Township
The school history of Miami Township fairly begins with its organization. From 1808 until 1851 there was no provision for a system of free public schools as we have them today. During this period most of the schooling was in the hand of those who conducted what were called subscription schools. The first mention of a school tax in the legislation of Ohio was in the law of 1821 which was the first general school law enacted in the state on the 22nd of January 1821. This law provided for the organization of each township into school districts, provided however, that the districts within the township should be laid off with due regard to the rights of existing private school companies and library companies. It also provided for the election of a school committee in each school district consisting of three persons who were authorized “to cause the erection of a school house in some convenient place and to received either by donation or purchase any quantity of land not exceeding two acres that they only deem expedient, the title of the same to be vested in the school committee and their successors in office, two thirds of the house holders having previously agreed upon the erection of such house.”
An act passed February 5th, 1852 provided that the trustees of the townships into districts in order to participate in the division of funds, and the trustees of any township entitled to rent or moneys from section 16 or any such section or lien thereof should divide such revenue in proportion to the number of families in such district.
These old records that give us such interesting insight into the school affates[?] of the past one hundred years, are still in a good state of preservation and are carefully looked after by the clerk of the town and township school board give us an authentic account of our own school history of the past century. Occasionally a chance word brings up an historical event no connected with the school. So in the outline of district number one there occurs “Lands of the Yellow Springs Community”. What was this Yellow Springs Community? you may ask. Just a small settlement of a unique sect located near the Cascade in Antioch Glen. Look in your encyclopedia Brittanica for it, as their story though interesting, is too long to be told here. And so a little later in these records the “Water Cure Lands” are mentioned, another pioneer movement to make Yellow Springs famous. The foundation of the “Water Cure Hotel” in Sheldon Glen leaves little to mark the hopes of the promoter or the community as they had visioned it. In outline, district number two, the Patterson saw mill is mentioned. It was built by an ancestor of John Patterson, the famous National Cash Register President. So we find peeping out from these records many interesting things quite foreign to the school. But let us go forward with the record. An election was held at the house of James B. Gardiner in Miami Township on the sixth day of April 1925 for the purpose electing township officers. It appears from the poll books that Charles Ohlwine, Joshua Baker, and David Knott were elected trustees. James L. Laughead, clerk and John Graham treasurer. These men were the first school officers of Miami Township.


During all these years it must be remembered that the people of Yellow Springs did not maintain a separate school system, but were a part of the township school system. The children of village attended the township school located in the district where their parents lived.
The Elm street school was built in 1845 and it did service alone until 1855 when conditions demanded more school room.
In 1855 Wood’s school was built and in 1856 a high school was built.
In 1858 a movement was set on foot to create a separate school district for the town. It must also be remembered that until the constitutional convention of 1851, strictly free public schools as we know them today did not exist. The parents of children of school age were all expected to subscribe a certain amount toward the upkeep of the schools; nor was attendance compulsory. We find this record in the minute books under the date of March 27, 1858:
“In compliance with the previous note of the qualified voters of the Village of Yellow Springs to organize said Village in to a special school Village or District:
The following notice was posted up in several places in said Village or District:
“Whereas, on the 13th day of March, A. D., a meeting was held at the school house on Elm street in incorporated Village of Yellow Springs, for the purpose of organizing and establishing said Village into a single school district at which meeting the majority of the qualified electors present by ballot determined that said Village shall be organized and established; at which meeting Elder Stewart was appointed chairman and John D. Hawkins secretary. Therefore the qualified electors of said district are hereby notified to assemble at the above mentioned school house on Elm St., on the 27th day of March, A. D. 1858, at 2 o’clock p. m., then and there to choose by ballot six directors in said district, two to serve one year, two to serve two years and two to serve three years.
E. R. Stewart, Chairman.J. D. Hawkins, Secretary.
Yellow Springs, March 27, 1858.—“Agreeable to the above notice, the electors assembled and chose J. L. Botsford and E Tulleys for three years, Snow Richardson and H. H. Hopkins for two years, and William Conklin and R. W. Morris for one year as school directors for the said district.
N. H. Walbride, Clerk.E.R. Stewart,E. Tulleys, Judges.
March 31, 1858.—“At a meeting of the directors of Yellow Springs special school district, the directors being sworn by J. W. Hamilton, Esq., proceeded to business by electing Snow Richardson, president, J. L.. Botsford, secretary, and on motion E. Tulleys was chosen treasurer. Meeting was adjourned until Friday, April 2, 1858, at 7 o’clock p.m.
J. L. Botsford, Clerk.
April 2, 1858.—“Met according to adjournment; all present. On motion the following were elected examiners: J. B. Weston for three years, F. D. Leonard for two years; and A. Kellogg for one year. A motion being made, it was agreed to divide the district into three grades—number one, High School, corner of South College and High streets, to be composed of those scholars more advanced in orthography, reading, algebra, history, physiology, and botany ; No. two, south of Fairfield pike and between Walnut and High streets, called Wood’s School, to consist of all the scholars of grammar, geography, physiology, arithmetic, reading, and writing; number three, center, the school still on Elm street, alphabet, reading, writing, and so forth. These three schools being established, the next thing to do was to elect the teachers. ‘Resolved, that we employ E. Jay as superintendent of this special school district, and he to take charge of the South school at a salary of $400 per year consisting of forty-four weeks of school. Voted to accept Miss Morris as teacher for the intermediate school, known as the Woods school, and Miss Emma Botsford as teacher in the Elm school. After these elections a general change of plans was made as follows: ‘Voted to place the primary school in the Elm street school house, secondary in Little Antioch, preparatory in the North and higher departments.

During the early sixties it became evident to the school trustees that the village should have a new school building that could accommodate all of the Yellow Springs schools under one roof.
It was not until 1872 that a lot was secured. It was located on the north side of Dayton st. and was purchased from Moses H. Grinnell for the sum of $1134.00.
Soon plans for the new building began to take shape.

[Transcription of article 1]


Many Points of Historic Interest

From the “News”, October 19, 1908
It would not be at all strange if there were a number of persons residing in this place that could not locate all of its streets. Some of these streets are obscure and little traveled, as Herman street, Allen street, Pleasant, Summer and Cliff streets, but there is no man, woman nor child but could locate Elm street without a moment’s hesitation. It is not a long street nor one thickly populated, yet it is well known because it is the one on which the Elm street school house is situated. It is far more historic than any of the public school houses in the place, it being the first one built in what is now the town of Yellow Springs.
As early as 1825 Miami Township was divided into four school districts, and all of the children in the township must in order to derive the benefit of a public school education, attend one of these four schools. The one which drew children from this vicinity was situated not far from where Center school house now stands, but was north instead of south of the Clifton pike and one the same road that Center is. It stood in the woods, on the west side of the cross-road, from Mr. James Dawson’s home, but further to the north: Of course under this arrangement children often had to walk two, sometimes three miles to school. In the early 40’s with the advent of the Little Miami R. R. new industries sprung up with children to educate. Already the Clifton-pike school had over a hundred pupils, and the necessity came for the erection of a sub-district school house, hence the building in 1846, of what was afterwards named the Elm Street School House, the first public school building erected in the then unincorporated village of Yellow Springs. Judge William Mills donated the lot on which it was placed. The woods stood thick around it, and it was not until eight years later, in 1853, that found itself upon a street, when it quickly woke to its importance, for, almost from the first it was used for diverse purposes aside from that of a school house. It was a place where many public meetings were held, in fact for a time it served the purpose of a town hall, no school building in town has been so important as Elm street.
After it was built the families of the Christian denomination who belongs either to Knob Prairie or Ebenezer churches, found it a convenient\ place to hold worship, and for a few years prior to the erection of the Christian church, held meetings regularly in the Elm Street school house. One of their pastors being Snow Richardson, who came here from Finley. Another was Caleb Morse, who came here from West Liberty and attended college some years after.
Later on, before the erection of St. Paul’s church, on high street, it was used as a place of worship by the Catholics.
During this time many children were educated there. It must be held in memory that it was not then part of a graded school, but a school of itself that was supposed to turn its pupils out mentally equipped for life’s work. Mr. Guthridge, who was the first teacher in the Elm street building, was a man of much ability. Many other teachers followed him, most of them of fine attainments. One who taught there for years was Miss Sallie Grant, a martinet in discipline, who is remembered better by her ability to subdue a lad by force rather than love. Perhaps three of the best loved teachers, who did effective work there, are Miss R. S. Rice, Miss Mary Condon and Mrs. Emma Botsford Roberts, these are still held in loving remembrance by their former pupils today.
Among the boys who attended there a few may be mentioned, as Michael Donley, whose marked ability in many lines of work aroused the admiration of his schoolmates, and so attracted the attention of Horace Mann, who after his coming often visited the school that he asked the father to let him have the boy to educate, but was refused. The children of Mr. Donley still give proof of the discernment of Mr. Mann. Another pupil there was W. H. Scudder, who has been in Washington city  for many years, and another was T. B. Jobe, who has been Postmaster and also Mayor of this place, and still another, Towne Carlisle, for many years has been a member of the school board and its clerk. There are many others equally respected, who have gone from the place, who in the happy past were pupils at “Old Elm St.” In the early seventies it was vacated a school house, when the present Union school building was finished and occupied.
The house stood for a time vacant then was sold to the Episcopalian denomination for church, the town school board paying Judge Mills who was then living away from here, for the alley by the side of the lot and making the Episcopalians a deed for it.
Two years since it was bought of that denomination by the school board again converted into a school house, being now the home of the infant school. This is the story if its life from 1845 to 1908. May the next sixty years of its life be as full of honor as the past sixty have been.

[transcription of article 2]

Sale of Elm Street School
June 24th, 1872—The object of the meeting being to agree on what terms we would sell the Elm street school house and lot. The question being asked by the vestry of the Episcopal Church in Yellow Springs through Dr. Elihu Thorne. On motion resolved and passed that we would take one thousand dollars reserving the desks, tables, stove and maps, in the following payments; four hundred dollars paid in hand, three hundred in one year, and three hundred in two years secured by note and mortgage on the property, the note bearing interest from date. Dr. Thorne on the part of the church accepted our proposition with the proviso that if they should pay one or both of said notes on or before the first day of January, 1873, that no interest should be required on said note or notes when paid. H. H. Hopkins on motion was appointed a committee to consummate the above agreement with the Episcopal Church.
During these passing years teachers’ salaries had grown from $23 per month in 1857 to $40.00 per month in 1873 and the principal’s salary from $25.00 to $100.00. The new Union School was opened for the first session January 16, 1874. The building while not of an elaborate artistic design was roomy, comfortable and sensibly planned inside and out. Located near the center of a large yard and play ground the two-story structure with its huge belfry has proven itself to be by its years of service a stubstantial and serviceable structure. The lower…[article cuts off]
In September, 1872, the enumeration of youth were as follows:



Total Numeration ……………….      480

[transcription of article 3]

In 1863 there stood near the sidewalk on the south side of Dayton Street opposite John Dell’s residence a frame building that had done some service as a private or paid school. This building is now the back part of Mrs. Sutton’s house. Here on September 23, 1863, the first colored school was established. Annisted Early was employed as teacher. While the enumeration of colored children was given as fifty, the attendance at times was very small. In 1871, J. M. Logan was selected as first colored principal, had an assistant, Miss Maggie Hunter. In 1874 the colored school was located on High Street, where before its final abandonment a principal and three teachers were employed.

The Schools

Since my father spent many years of his life as a teacher in the schools of Miami Township it is of interest to us to include here some information in regard to their development. Clippings from old copies of the Yellow Springs News have given us valuable records.
Father saw many changes in thought take place furing his experience in public school teaching.
In the early period in many schools the adolescent youth had not yet outgrown the idea that the supreme test of a teacher was his ability to subdue waywardness by a match in physical strength.
“To run out the teacher” was a determined goal. Father had to meet this challenge when he took over the Grammar Grade in the Village school from a woman teacher who had gone down in defeat. For the most part his rule was not by the rod altho at times it became necessary as a last resort.
Many methods in common practice in all schools of today were employed to stimulate the interest of the pupils.
Father loved to sing. While no regular instruction in the study of music was provided in the early  schools, it was not long until his pupils began to enjoy and anticipate a morning period devoted to singing.
The ball ground, too at recess and noontime furnished means not only to stimulate interest in physical skills, but to bring to the boys a real sense of companionship between them and their teacher when the latter came out with them to play ball.

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Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 13

Della continues her portrait of Yellow Springs politics (don’t forget the upcoming program on November 12!), and makes a segue to the G.A.R. (which was the subject of a previous program this summer) of which Della’s father was the last local representative.

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

The Yellow Springs House

The old Yellow Springs House which had been built about the same time as the Neff House continued to serve the public as late as ________. It was finally sold to the Methodists to be used as an Old Ladies Home. It burned on November 1922 and has been replaced by Bryan High School.

Some residents on Dayton St. are well remembered. The McCulloughs, the Thad Carrs, the Birch home, the Greens and the old home of the Moses King family.

Prominent among early residents on the south side of the street were the McClures. Mrs. McClure had several sisters and her home was a gathering place for the various members of the clan wherever they might happen to be living.

The names Hanson, Bigler, Hopkins and Paul come to mind. Josie Paul and Fannie Hopkins were our school mates.

The Elmer Hopkins family occupied the frame house next to the large brick which was the home of the Elder Hopkins, parents of three sons, Wills, Elmer & Bert — all were well known in early Yellow Springs circles.

The father was always active in church, town & college affairs. The frame on the left was the home of Mrs. Seman, later on Mrs. Howard Applegate

Fay and Kitty Seman were dear friends. They were popular junior musicians and appeared on many programs in town and at the college.

Politics in Yellow Springs

My earliest recollections seem to point to the fact that the town was mostly Republican.

I don’t recall the events described in the following news item but I remember distinctly the publicity that followed Garfield’s assassination, and later his death. All the details were reported and vividly pictured in the copies of Harper’s Weekly.

The coverage of World News in that periodical was as eagerly anticipated in our household as are radio and television broadcast of today—1955.

[transcription of article]

Old”Yellow Springs Review” Tells Of Election Celebration in 1880

As in 1946, Yellow Springs and the nation went Republican in 1880 a copy of the YELLOW SPRINGS REVIEW of Nov. 6, 1880 reveals. The old paper was brought into the NEWS office this week by William Baker, Glen St., who is one of the foremost authorities on village history. A small boy at the time, Mr. Baker says he remembers well the celebration and parade staged in the village Wednesday Nov. 3, 1880 and which is described in the old newspaper.

The REVIEW tells of election day activity. “There being few challenges made and perhaps one illegal vote cast”, the editor records. “The votes being counted, we repaired to the telegraph office”. The alternate joys and sorrows of Republicans and Democrats during the evening are related. “At 2:00 a.m. we all went home”, the account states.

“We didn’t know for sure how things had gone until the Cincinnati Enquirer came in on the morning train”, Mr. Baker says. Then we found that Garfield, the Republican candidate for President and an Ohio man had been elected. We had a real good brass band then and they lined up for a parade at the post office (across the street from where the post office is now). John Allen, who lived on Whitehall Farm, was a hot Democrat, but he wouldn’t let the band head the parade. He pulled his old buckboard in ahead of them. Another Democrat, ‘Doc’ Phillips, was in the buckboard.

The REVIEW tells of the parade: “About 10:00 a.m. a procession was formed . . . John Allen had old ‘Ball’ arrayed in mourning, a picture of Garfield on each side. In the wagon on the seat by his side was Dan Taylor . . . Next came the band; next the footmen; then wagons. Thus they marched through the principal streets of the village.

“Then there was rest until Friday evening when another jollification broke out. At the corner of Xenia Avenue and Corry St. a bright bonfire was had, ten barrels being lashed together set on end and filled and barrels and boxes etc. All the business houses were brilliantly illuminated and Mr. Hawkins dwelling, also, was especially attractive. The band came out and lent good cheer to the occasion, and a jolly good time was had. Thus ended the campaign in Yellow Springs”.

A copy of the Review, rehearsing this history was No. 5 of Volume I of the publication whose editor and proprietor is listed as Warren Anderson. Both this issue and that immediately preceeding[sic] it—that of Saturday, October 30, 1880—were brought to our office by Mr. Baker. They contain much of interest to present day Yellow Springs residents. Subsequent articles will be published from the material they supply.

[page 63 is assorted Republican memorabilia]

[transcription of first article]

GAR Established Memorial Day

The formal observance of Memorial Day, or Decoration Day as it was popularly called for many years, dates from 1868. The grave of soldiers killed in the Civil War had been decorated with flowers before that year, especially in the South.

The women of Columbia, Miss., laid flowers on the graves of both Union and Confederate dead in 1863. On April 26, 1865, Mrs. Sue Landon Vaughn, a descendant of John Adams, second President of the United States, led some women to the cemetery in Vicksburg and decorated the soldiers’ graves there.

The Grand Army of the Republic, or G.A.R., as it has more often been called, was responsible for the institution of Memorial Day.

The organization made up of survivors of soldiers and sailors of the Civil War, was a patriotic group formed in Illinois in the winter of 1865-66, by Dr. B. F. Stephenson who had studied at Starling Medical College before 1850, and who had served as surgeon the the 14th Illinois Infantry.

Stephenson and a small group of friends formed the nucleus of an organization at Springfield in the spring of 1866. On April 6, 1866, the first post was established at Decatur, Illinois. By July 12, 1866, when a state convention was held to form the Department of Illinois, 39 posts had been chartered.

At the first national encampment, held at Indianapolis on Nov. 20, 1866, 10 states and the District of Columbia were represented.

Early in May 1865, Adjutant General Chapman suggested to John A. Logan, the commander in chief of the GAR, that arrangements be made for the organization to decorate the graves of their comrades on a uniform date throughout the country.

General Logan approved the plan and issued a general order to all the Grand Army posts in part as follows: The thirtieth day of May 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion.” The order was generally obeyed especially in the smaller communities.

Special exercises were held in the National Cemetery at Arlington, Va., across the Potomac River from Washington constituting the first formal and official observance of the day.

General James A. Garfield, a member of the House of Representatives from Ohio, later president of the United States was the orator of the occasion. He was known as one of the most eloquent speakers of the time.

Memorial Day was not yet a legal holiday in any of the states. Ohio succeeded in getting the legislature to pass an act in 1881 designating the 30th day of May as one of the public holidays and…[article cuts off]

[transcription of second article]


LOS ANGELES, FEB. 14—(AP)—The Grand Army of the Republic went out of existence in a quiet ceremony yesterday.

The Bible used by Stanton Post 55 from its formation in 1883 was closed. And the post’s American flag furled for the last time.

The mementoes[sic] will be sent to Washington, D. C., to be placed in historical archives.

The Women’s Relief Corps—GAR auxiliary—has been trustee of the Bible and flag since the death Jan. 23 of William Allen MaGee, 106, last member of the organization of union veterans of the Civil War.

The two surviving Union Army members are not GAR members, said Mrs. Charlotte Kratch, president of the Women’s Relief Corps. They are James A. Hard, 111, Rochester, N. Y., and Albert Woolson, 106, Duluth, Minn.

The GAR had a peak membership of 409,489 in 1890. Mrs. Kratch said the Women’s Relief Corps will continue its activities.

[transcription of article accompanying picture]

Many people of this vicinity will be interested in the accompanying picture. It is the picture of three men who covered Greene County drumming up recruits during the Civil War in 1861.

Shortly after Abraham Lincoln was nominated for the presidency, an organization, the Wide Awakes, was perfected throughout the land. August first, 1860, the streets of Yellow Springs were ablaze with lights from the torches of the organization. These young fellows, classmates, stood aghast on the corner of Xenia Ave. and Short St. They were resolved to resurrect the spirit of ’76, an do their bit toward the enlistment of men for the war. These three boys were Thomas R. Jobe, Dr. Wm. M. Haffner and A. F. Hopkins. All three of these have passed away.

This trio spent 1861 getting recruits in various towns over Greene County. In 1862 they joined the 60th and followed that regiment into the 60th O. N. G. in 1863 and on into the Regiment of Ohio Minute men and 154th O. V. I. in 1864, when they were assigned to the army of the Potomac.

Memorial Day in Yellow Springs

As I remember it, Yellow Springs was always deeply patriotic. Many of its residents had been soldiers during the War of the Rebellion and so long as they lived they never allowed to die out the flame of patriotic devotion to the country they had fought to preserve.

Father had been a devoted member of the Burkholder Post of the G.A.R. almost to the time of his death. When the local post was disbanded he had been its last living member.

Decoration Day as it was commonly called, was almost a sacred day to him.

Year after year he was active in plans to assure that a suitable memorial program was carried out.

He always marched proudly in the parades to the cemetery to decorate the graves of old soldiers and the American Flag was sure to wave from a staff at his residence wherever it happened to be.

[transcription of article]

G.A.R. Post Disbanded

This week the local G. A. R. Post rooms in the Opera House were abandoned by Prof. J. P. Miller the last surviving resident member. For sometime the post had continued sessions with only three members, Prof. Miller, S. W. Kelso and Bradford Lott. The death of the latter two just recently caused Mr. Miller to abandon the rooms. The Post has been in existence since just after the Civil War.

Y.S. News
May 30th, 1935


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Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 12

In this section Della touches on the Temperance movement in Yellow Springs, some of the history of Whitehall and John Bryan, thus introducing local politics (and for more on local politics, don’t forget the November 12 program!).

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

The Fitzgerald Saloon and Frog Town

No old time resident of Yellow Springs could possibly forget the Fitzgerald Saloon which held sway for many years on Xenia Avenue. Mr. Fitzgerald was a carpenter, a quiet man and well respected.
His wife, Mayme, ran the saloon. Shw was a large woman and husky and was well able to manage the drunks that congregated at the place.
Now and then a drunken sot would be thrown out to stagger along the street until he reached a place to drop out of the way — often into the ditches along the road side.
About a mile from town toward the west lay Frog Town.
I don’t remember when the settlers came to Yellow Springs nor from where but when I was a small child they were there — a settlement of Irish Catholics who cultivated small patches of garden truck[sic] and raised large families of children. Many of them were hard drinkers.
On Saturday night the road from town on Dayton St. was a dizzy pathway and a noisy one.
Finally older ones died off. Younger ones scattered. Some remained in Yellow Springs and became respected citizens.
My youth in Yellow Springs was in pre-Prohibition days. I have seen the cycle completed to a better stage — I’m not so sure.
Our town never had a Carrie Nation but the Temperance Movement was a steady and a consistent one.
Mothers were proud to wear the White Ribbon and daughters were taught that strong drink was an unquestioned curse.
Young men who tippled were not accepted into the society of the best people of the town.

[transcription of article]
Items taken from the files of the “News

Items from the Yellow Springs Ledger of March 7, 1874

100 Women in line Move on Frogtown
The woman’s temperance movement which was inaugurated here on the evening of the 23ult. increases in interest. Since then meetings have been held by the women every afternoon and with the exception of one or two evenings for mutual consultation and prayer have been held alternately in the different churches of the place. The feeling is very deep and earnest. The force of women now at work is somewhat less than one hundred, and we feel assured that of necessary this force can be materially increased.. No woman takes it to heart that the charge of cowardice has been made against the League; they well know from past history that public sentiment frequently precipitates matters before the season of full fraction. They have been idle. They have been and are still at work as faithfully as they know how.
On the day of organization a committee was appointed to prepare four different pledges, one for the signature of the druggist, one for the physicians, one for the saloon keepers, and one for the citizens.
The next day the pledges were accepted by the meeting and a committee of three waited on the druggists and obtained their signatures. Another committee obtained the signatures of all the physicians. The saloon keepers refused to sign their pledge. The town was divided into seven districts and two ladies appointed to canvass each district with the citizens pledge and obtain all the signatures possible, their success has been gratifying.
It was not until yesterday that the women felt they were ready for their work on the streets. They were not waiting to ascertain the sentiments of their friends outside before they started forth but each one wanted to feel satisfied for herself that she had the requisite amount of faith for the work they have put their hands to and will not look back.
They go forth in faith believing that there is one higher than man to aid them and in that faith will never surrender until success crowns their efforts. The first effort was at the liquor shop of Wm. Moylan. The door was kept shut and the usual observance of prayer and singing were gone through with. At the other saloon in Frogtown, the reception was more cordial, the ladies were invited in and prayed and sang until dark.
In the evening another mass meeting was held in the M. E. Church at which the expense to the ladies engaged in the work with the saloon keepers was reported. Rev. Crum, Gaddis, Rodgers, Weston and others gave short addresses. It was resolved by the meeting to sustain the women by every  means needful to the successful completion of the work.

[transcription of letter to the editor]
To the Editor:
Although a little late getting around to it, we wish to protest the article on the 20 years of repeal.
The author of that article certainly handled the truth recklessly. Readers were supposed to be convinced that everyone had benefited from the return of the liquor traffic.
Nothing could be farther from the truth. With the possible exception of the mortician, we have heard of no one to date who has been made better, by present-day conditions.
The new saloon is far more vicious than the old in that it is frequented by women and youth, which makes that one of former times resemble a Sunday School picnic.
No drinking among youth? Just one thing wrong with that statement—it is not true.
With juvenile delinquency at an all time high, and fast getting out of hand, the teenage crimes are a problem for a modern Solomon.
Respect for law? Well, who disrespected it? Certainly not the drys. The liquor bunch are hardly the group to get steamed up over law breaking.
Bootlegging? Shades of Frances Willard, Wayne B. Wheeler, Sen. Borah, Father Murphy, William Jennings Bryan, and all the rest who must have turned over at that pronouncement.
Reports from Washington reveal that a large part of present day liquor is of the bootleg variety. If memory is correct, something like half.
As for lower taxes, that is a laugh out loud. Does anyone recall a time when taxes were so high as at present.
Nine billion dollars worth of liquor can make a whale of a lot of drunks. Our traffic slaughter is terrific, our youth is debauched, many homes are wrecked by this crime-breeding, soul-destroying agency. Penal institutions are over full, and those in a position to know, tell us that liquor is the largest offender.
The liquor question has plagued humanity from the beginning of time. All the blah of disease and cure, etc., is summed up in one word—drunkenness.
Make no mistake—the struggle is between the forces of good and evil. And a well-known author has warned that “A question is never settled until it is settled right.”
Columbus. I. B. Dry


The story of Whitehall revives many traditions that are interesting to those who have followed the history of Yellow Springs.
The clippings are incomplete and at times facts duplicate those given in other articles, but each seems to present a facet in the general picture.
[transcription of first article]

Whitehall, stately mansion just north of the Yellow Springs village limits has long been a showplace in the community.
The above picture was taken in 1947 by Dayton News photographer. Whitehall, according to Mrs. Martha Rankin, present owner, was begun in 1824 and finished in 1832, and is now passing the 115 year mark.
The builder was the famous Judge Aaron Harlan, who apparently wanted to “put on the dog,” for he is said to have sold 1,000 acres of land to raise the money to build Whitehall and set himself up as a country squire. Whitehall was then commonly referred to as “Harlan’s Folly.”
Harlan served in the state legislature, in the constitutional convention of 1850, and in 1852 was elected to Congress where he served three terms. It was during this period that Antioch was opened, and Harlan undoubtedly knew Horace Mann.
E. S. Kelley, father of Mrs. Rankin and Mrs. George Foos, maker of the famous Kelly-Springfield Tires, who bought the place in 1896 and lived there until his death in 1935. Throughout all those years Mr. Kelly took an active and constructive part in the community.

[transcription of 2nd article]
Hon. Aaron Harlan
The Hon. Aaron Harlan who lived on the nearly 1000 acres of land north of Yellow Springs and built the home now known as White Hall on the Kelly farm was a popular and astute politician. He had served on the Ohio Legislature and in many ways made his efforts of great use to the State and Nation, serving this community as a member of the State Legislature in the 1837-8 also in 1849. As a lawyer he had become famous throughout the State. This won him a high place at the Constitutional convention in 1850. In 1860 he became a member of the Ohio senate and in 1853-59 he represented this district in Congress.
The first congressman from Greene County took his work seriously and while not of the “hearty will met” type was popular with all classes.
Respect for  his legal abilities and his wisdom to determine what was most applicable for the times.
An Abolitionist in political belief he was by his enthusiasm carried too far in his endeavors to be followed by the rather timid and altogether too lukewarm party.
He overestimated their courage and overestimated their willingness to follow him in the advance steps that he made.
Thomas Corwin at that time a member of Congress from this district, had resigned to accept the position of Minister in Turkey.
Aaron Harlan came out as a candidate to fill Corwin’s place in Congress. He had printed at the top of his ticket the Abolition battle challenge.
“Whip them quick and whip them well”. But his followers were not as heated over the question of slavery as Harlan, it was too early in that memorable historical period for such violent doctrines. So Aaron Harlan was defeated.
It is conceded now that had he left the fighting phrase off the ballot he would have been elected. So he who was raised to high position by his support of causes also lost by reason of his advanced position on  one.
A few years ago I was put into possession of a story by the wisdom of a General of the U. S. A.
How legendary this is I am not prepared to say, but it has the appearance of authenticity largely in political history.
This lady was a close relation of one of the owners and editors of a Dayton news paper that took an active  part in the political history of that period. White Hall is a beautiful home with architecture of the type that is always pleasing to the eye and which age only enhances beauty.
It would be beautiful anywhere in Paris, London, Washington or among the Adirondac’s or the Thousand Islands, but no situation could improve its present one.
Environed by its forest friends, framed by long sweeping lawns, with the inviting allurement of its approaching drive way.
The Legend of White Hall
One evening in the late fifties there gathered in one of White Hall’s large rooms, furnished in the style of the times, a small gathering of the leading politicians of the county, the guests of Aaron Harlan.
A mighty question was to be solved. The Presidential Convention would soon be.
The Abolitionist as a party was weak, a change of name might help, the principals must not be surrendered. So as it went opinions were advanced and old views recalled, new ones threshed out.
The candles sputtered and were snuffed, the great log fire blazed and cracked, burned away and was replenished, the pipes and glasses were filled and refilled, and the talk went on and on and became more and more earnest.
Finally grouped about the blazing hearth worn by their mighty efforts, an agreement was arrived at.
Perhaps a name was not mentioned, but the Abolition party’s name was to be abandoned but not its principal.
Out of this long vigil and discussion at “White Hall” this….of the Great Republican Party was formed.
They who had spent the long hours of vigorous thought, conceived the wisdom of the change, impressing this on other leaders it soon became a movement of National scope.
Capturing the tottering Abolitionist and that wide independent following that is ever leading the old line parties to higher levels to hold them.
This new movement needed but a good and a sound platform to succeed., and it did do both, far as the “Republican Party” it has been able to place more Presidents in the chair than any party in the Country’s History.
If these few earnest men in an evening gathering at White Hall achieved its conception then Aaron Harlan’s work is of highest merit and…[article cuts off]

Whitehall, Riverside & State Parks

John Bryan was an eccentric man and an agnostic. He endeavored to leave his estate in such a way that no religious services could be held there. His civic interests were expressed in his donation of land for the town’s High School building.

[transcription of first article]
Yellow Springs — From Then To Now
by Mrs. Llewellyn (Lila H.) Jones
In addition to the Neff estate we have the traditions of White Hall and Riverside as well as Spring Lea and similar tracts.
Martin Baum left two estates, a large one of 1800 acres (now known as White Hall) for his son, David Baum, and a smaller one of 500 acres (now known as Bryan State Park) for his daughter Mary Baum Ewing and her family. His widow Anne Baum, received the Cincinnati property. David Baum married Amanda Sroufe. After his death Amanda married Judge Harlan, who has previously been the husband of a daughter of Benjamin Whiteman.
In the early 1840’s Aaron Harlan and his children came to make their home in Yellow Springs. In 1842 Mr. Harlan built a twelve-room mansion on the present White Hall tract and gave it the name “Walnut Hall.” Each room had a large fire place, and we are told that during the winter the occupants  burned three hundred cords of wood. Under Mr. Harlan’s management this farm was enclosed with the old-style stake and rider fencing and an orchard was planted. There was of course, a garden and its specialty was watermelons.
The Harlan children attended Little Antioch and had distinguished schoolmates in Casimir and Zeigler Kossuth, nephews of Hungarian patriot Louis Kossuth, who at that time was staying at the Yellow Springs House.
In 1864 Judge Harlan sold Walnut Hall to Charles Merrick and John Allen for fifty dollars an acre. Later we find Dr. Baldwin and his wife, Josephine Allen Baldwin, living there. The large house required much outlay for furnishing, Mrs. Baldwin finding that over a hundred and thirty-two yards of carpet were needed for double parlors.
In 1899 Edwiu S. Kelly bought Walnut Hall modernized the house and landscaped the grounds. This unusually beautiful place — now White Hall — is still a noted stock farm, owned by one of Mr. Kelly’s daughters. Quoting: “The Kellys are proud of the traditions of their farm and its place in the world, whether it is considered as the home of travelers, as the birthplace of the Republican Party, as the place where a beautiful garden is maintained, or the farm from which came some of the finest stock ever bred in the world.” A part of the foregoing quotation has reference to a political meeting at White Hall which was attended by Whitelaw Reid among others. By some it is thought possible that the present Republican party was the outgrowth of this meeting.
Following the Ewing branch of the Baum family we find the history of Riverside or Bryan State Park almost as interesting as that of White Hall. Col. Ewing built a spacious home in the beautiful grove of Riverside. At the end of the elevation known as “The Hog Back” south of the house, the view of the river, hills, and valley is probably one of the finest along the Little Miami.
Mr. Ewing sold his place to Mr. Saberton, and Englishman from Chicago, who cleared much of the land. Next Col. E. J. Wilson owed it, then a Mr. Smith and later M. O. Adams, who sold the tract to John Bryan. Mr. Bryan added the big barn in order that his neighbors might have a place to store their farm machinery and he himself have room for his wonderful crops of alfalfa. The barn at that time was considered the largest in Ohio. Bryan gave the land for our present High School Building; and after providing for his  young widow, willed Bryan Park to the State of Ohio.
[transcription of second article]

A report last week from Kenneth Byers, Bryan State Park superintendent, that the state was contemplating wrecking of the big barn at Bryan State Park brought considerable protest from some quarters. A press report said that the Cedarville Progressive Club would attempt to secure the support service clubs in this territory to oppose the move.
Local service club officials said yesterday that they had not been contacted in the matter.
The huge barn was built by John Bryan and has become almost legendary in the neighborhood. One widely accepted story has it that Bryan built the barn a little bigger than one owned by the Czar of Russia in order that the United States might lay claim to having the largest barn.

.[transcription of third article]

[beginning of article missing]
…the star part, but the star would have done poor work that day without an able stock company. The day alluded to was May 11, 1865, when Col. Pritchard surrounded and captured Jefferson Davis at Irwinsville, a small place near Fitzgerald, Ga. Gall praise then to Big Henry and his kind!  It was such as he, who stood by Lincoln and greatly strengthened him, to whom honor should be given rather than to many of high official rank who sadly work him with their desires for selfish preference.
Mrs. Ewing and her sons were earnest Presbyterians, and it is largely due to her and them that the present “Stone Church” was built. It was put up in 1858 and 1859.
Before the war, Mrs. Ewing returned to Cincinnati. The eldest son, Martin Baum Ewing, assisted in the recruiting of, and became the Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd Ohio Heavy Artillery, entering the service in 1863, and remained with it till the end of the war, after which he and his wife came to Yellow Springs to live. The Ewing place, “Riverside,” had never been much cleared of forest before that time; only a few tenants occupied the cleared land.
Col. Ewing built a spacious and modern house in a beautiful grove of native forest trees with an extensive exposure toward the east, while on the west side, and in the rear of the house, was a romantic gorge descending to the river only a few hundred yards distant. Barns and other out-buildings belonging to a large place were put up in the grove through which drives wound.
To the south a way leads from the house along a high elevation, called the “Hog’s Back.” At the terminus of this elevation, probably 50 to 75 feet high, one can see far down the valley. The view of river, hills and valleys, dotted here and there with handsome homes, is fine, most probably one of the finest along the Little Miami. The late N. P. Willis, when once here on a visit to his brother-in-law, Mr. Frank Grinnell, at Spring Lea, visited this place and said of it that it equaled any of the handsome views on the Hudson, which was certainly a very high compliment, coming as it did from a New York man of high literary and artistic tastes.
Mr. Ewing sold the property to Mr. Saberton, of Chicago, an Englishman with decided and peculiar ideas of his own, and he decided to develop the place according to them. He cleared and put much of the land under cultivation. In a few years he died after a short illness, and was buried upon the premises a short distance form the house. The body was taken, some years afterward, to Chicago.
His daughter, Miss Clara Saberton, for a while a student at Antioch, married Cornelius Grinnell. They went to Wyoming where she died a few years ago. After Mr. Saberton’s death the place was sold by order of court, Col. E. J. Wilson, becoming purchaser. He sold it to Mr. Smith, who came here from Buffalo. Mr. Smith died after a brief illness and after a year or two Mrs. Smith sold it to Mr. Morgan O. Adams who for several years resided there. He in turn sold it to Mr. John Bryan, the present owner, who is said to have built upon the property the largest barn in the world. There is one in Marysville, this state, which if not quite so large, is a close second. Riverside has had some romantic incidents in its known history.
Whatever romantic episodes may have occurred in pre-historic times we have no means now at hand of finding out. No telling what the geologists or archeologists may disclose in the future.
Editor’s Note: The Ewing place after remaining the property of John Bryan for many years is now the property of the State of Ohio in accordance with Mr. Bryan’s will.

[transcription of fourth article]

Bryan State Park Ideal for Outings
Adjoining the college’s Glen Helen is Bryan State Park, a favorite spot for outings and a place to take visitors who come to visit in Yellow Springs.
Given to the state of Ohio by the late John Bryan, who made his money manufacturing soap in Cincinnati and also gave the land on which Bryan High Scho0ol stands in Yellow Springs, Bryan Park has rolling lawns with picnic tables and fireplaces, a couple of large shelter houses for use in inclement weather and rugged trails along limestone cliffs similar to those in “the Glen.”
The big barn at the park is said to have been built by John Bryan in the ’90’s in order to give the United States the honor of possessing the largest barn in the world, for which accomplishment laurels then lay in Russia.
The really fine swimming pool in the park is named for Edward Orton, noted naturalist, who was president of Antioch College in the 1860’s and became the first president of Ohio State University. The swim pool is open to the Yellow Springs public only limited hours and is closed entirely after Labor Day.

Whitehall as I Remember It

The tradition about Whitehall was not know to us when in our youth we passed the place as we drove to and from Springfield.
We knew it as the John Allen farm.
Allen was a well known stock farmer who used to drive his cattle down Xenia Ave. straight thru the town and past our home to the farm of a Mrs. Bell who lived beyond the woods south of the Hyde School.
Later on  John Allen married the widow Bell and the farm became known as the Bell-Allen place. Relatives or Mrs. Bell bought the Kellog home, Xenia Ave. & Limestone show place in the Village.
Mr. Kellog always an old man to me, was fastidious about his lawn. In the fall he guarded the leaves and picked up every leaf as it fell so it seemed. John Allen’s daughter was the wife of Dr. Baldwin, once an occupant of the Birch homestead.
At Allen’s death the Baldwins took up residence in the mansion home. It was finally sold to E. S. Kelly, manufacturer of the Springfield Kelly Tires. (All told in preceding clippings.)

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Fess Up!: The Story of A Yellow Springs Political Dynasty

Antioch College Archivist Scott Sanders shares the story of Simeon Fess, who turned a lively presidency at Antioch College into a formidable career in politics, rising to national leadership in the GOP. All three of his sons also went on to hold public office. Find out how it happened Sunday November 12th at the Yellow Springs Senior Center, 2:00 pm.

The program is free an open to the public. Light refreshments will be provided

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Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 11

Della introduces businesses on Xenia Avenue, the railroad, Grinnell Mill and the powder mill at Goes Station

A previous post gives more detail on the Ridgway Pharmacy.

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

More about business in Yellow Springs

At the corner of Xenia Ave. and Corry St. stood the well known drugstore of “Doc” Ridgway. This drugstore along with the Ridgway residence was wiped out when fire laid a heavy hand of destruction upon business places in that section of town.

Fires, too, destroyed landmarks along Xenia Ave. & the south but memory supplies pictures and recollections of some of the well known sites.

There was Holly Dickman’s Tin Shop, the Adsit Bakery and John Young’s Butcher Shop where one could buy all the best in meats.

John Cordingly announced himself (over the door) as the “Fashionable Boot and Shoe Maker”.

He also made our shoe repairs which were plenty in those days of gravel sidewalks.

The Winters’ House was the town’s closest to a restaurant for it served meals to transients as well as other boarders.

A daughter, Lily, was home and used a crutch. She sat on the front porch most of the time and kept track of things that were going on.

Charles Winters was the town’s drayman.

He met all the trains for baggage and did general hauling and delivery. It was a long time before stores made general deliveries of merchandise.

In one of the front rooms of his frame residence Chas. Hamilton kept a small jewelry store. He also handled watches & clocks and made repairs on such articles.

Adjoining his shop he maintained an ice cream parlor. His place was famous for his product which was made of pure cream.

The Hyde building once housed the Post Office with T. B. Jobe as Postmaster. It moved to Corry St. under C. H. Ellis.

It finally became settled in a new Federal building on the same street.

There are many interesting incidents associated with the Yellow Springs Railroad or the Depot as we called it. Tradition places the first R. R. station in a building on Dayton St., a building which later on housed a grain elevator.

In the early days of the College there was much demand for railroad transportation facilities but in my own recollection about two trains per day were sufficient. There were always freight trains tho and on one occasion Elsie & I along with Aunt Chattie were passengers in the caboose car next to the engine.

We were getting an early start to connect in Springfield with a train for London Ohio where we would visit at the home of Aunt Kate Judy.

Elsie and I were all dolled up for the visit in our brand new winter coats which Mother had made for us from a light tan material, heavy & somewhat wooly.

At the end of that ten mile ride on the freight train we came out a different shade.

These pictures call to mind another incident.

In her latter years Grandmother Miller spent winter months at Aunt Kate’s home.

On a vacation period Father planned a surprise visit to her from himself and little Deanie.

Baggage was packed and all was made ready for the trip.

All went well until the train roared in.

Then Deanie set up a terrific howl and absolutely refused to leave her mother’s side and “Papa” with all her best clothing had to take the train without her.

Business in Yellow Springs

Yellow Springs, like many towns where private college have been located, never attracted any great number of industries.

Early history refers to an excellent quality of lime which was made at “The Quarry” and a Sawmill which turned out lumber for buildings.

The historic mills that at one time had flourished along the Little Miami river had finally dwindled to three, one at Clifton, the Grinnell mill, and one at Old Town.

The Grinnell mill was best know to us as we often went there for its products which were far famed for their excellent quality.

The millstones for this structure were reputed to have been brought from France by Mr. Grinnell’s grandfather.

[transcription of 9-20-45 articles]

VOL. LXVI, No. 39 Sept-20-’45

Historic Mill Performs New Function; To Provide Regrigeration[sic]

Historic Grinnell’s Mill, two miles southeast of Yellow Springs, will soon open a new chapter in its long career of usefulness. Frozen Food lockers are to be installed in the mill, to be refrigerated by water power. This will take place within a few weeks, as soon as necessary renovation of the mill has been completed. After more than a century of service some timbers have decayed and must be replaced.

The organization which is undertaking this project is almost as interesting as the mill itself. A group of some twenty families from Yellow Springs and surrounding communities, sharing a love for the out-of-doors, have called themselves “The Old Mill Club.” Since 1929 they have centered their activities about the picturesque mill, where they have leased certain recreational facilities, have propagated fish imported from Canada, and have sowed wild rice to encourage migrating ducks. Prior to the war the Club released some 50,000 minnows annually into the Little Miami, where fishing was improved for members and non-members alike. During the war this number has been greatly reduced.

The Old Mill Club is highly informal, claiming no officers, and making no pretensions to “style.” Comparatively few residents of Yellow Springs have been aware of it. The frozen food locker enterprise is the first commercial venture to be undertaken by the Club. Mr. I. L. Gross, who is directing the work during his spare time, explains that the great economy of the plan arises from the cheap plentiful power generated by the old mill.

New Restaurant to Open October 10

Mrs. and Mrs. Patrick Patton, of Dayton, have leased the Old Trail Tavern from Mrs. Sidney King, granddaughter of the builder. Mr. Patton, a well known restaurant man of Dayton, will open here for business October 10.

Meals, including breakfast, will be served, and parties and community groups will also be accommodated for service. Yellow Springs will welcome this addition to local restaurant facilities.

The cabin, leased to the Pattons, is of historical value to the village, being built in 1943 as the first house on the south and west side of the railroad. Yellow Springs was then known as Forest Village and Francis Haffner bought all the lots from the DeNormandy Building to the corner of Corry Street for taxes. That area was then known as Dean’s Plat. The buildings from the homestead to the corner were erected by Mr. Haffner, who cut the logs for the construction of the Tavern from virgin forest trees growing where the cabin now stands. The street in front of the building was the old stage coach route from Columbus to Cincinnati.

Added to Trophy List

To last week’s listing of trophied owners in the display at opening of the Service Men’s Center on September 16, should be added the following loaned by Cpl. George Wadstrom, who took part in the Battle of the Bulge last winter:

German dagger; pair of German wooden shoes; snapshots from Germany.

[transcription of Grinnell obituary]

Vol. LXVI, No. 22

Morton Grinnell Dies; Operated Historic Mill for Many Years

Morton R. Grinnell, 78, died Tuesday, May 29, at 8:30 p.m., at his home on Grinnell Road, southeast of Yellow Springs, following an illness of several years. He was born February 28, 1867, in the family home where he died. His wife preceded him in death two years ago.

Mr. Grinnell was a farmer and operated the historic Grinnell Mill southeast of Yellow Springs on the Little Miami River. The millstones for this old structure were brought from France by Mr. Grinnell’s grandfather.

Surviving are one daughter, Mrs. Marjorie Caupp of Yellow Springs; four sons, Malcolm, of Osborn; Ralph, of Springfield; Harold and Cornelius, both of Yellow Springs; two brothers, William, living in California, and Ernest, living in Wyoming; one sister, Cornelia, of Yellow Springs; and four grandchildren.

The remains were taken to the Littleton-Yoder Funeral Home, Xenia Avenue, and were returned Thursday to the residence, where services will be held Friday at 2:30 p.m., conducted by Rev. Gale W. Engle of the Yellow Springs Presbyterian Church. Burial will be in the Grinnell family plot at the residence.

The Powder Mill at Goes Station

About three miles south of town were the mills of the Miami Powder Co.

This industry had little effect upon Yellow Springs except to furnish employment for men who lived in the town.

Now & then there would be an explosion in one of the many mills scattered along the stream and almost immediately there would be a rush of vehicles past our home and down the pike to the scene of the catastrophe. Sometimes it would be a serious one and some family would be deprive of a son or father.

We always listened for the sound of the whistle blown by the engineer who was our neighbor, Bill Hamilton. This told his family he was safe.

Early business as I remember it in Yellow Springs was confined to small shops and concerns that catered to the immediate wants of a small population.

Interspersed between business places on Xenia Ave. were some very good residences.

I remember in particular the Haffner home, the Conover home and that of Dr. Thorne. Also the large brick at the corner of Glen St. and Xenia Ave., where the Ruth family lived.

Dr. Thorne was the son of Dr. Elihu Thorne who built the large brick residence on Dayton St. which is now the home of our sister Dean Miller Birch (Mrs. J. H.) and her son Jack. (1955)

Business (Cont.)

Tradition relates that Frances Haffner once bought for taxes all the lots on the left side of Xenia Ave from the De Normandy Building to Cory St.

In the frame building adjoining the cabin Mr. Haffner operated a bakery. At this period commercial bakeries had much to learn. The thrifty housewife preferred to bake her own bread. We patronized this one only in emergencies.

[transcription of article]

Old Wood Engraving Stirs Memories

Cleaning out the attic of our new home in the old Hirst residence on Glen Street we recently came across an old wood-engraving of the Hirst Brothers Drug Store, made back in the 70’s showing the building now occupied by P. W. Weiss’ Grocery, and Frances Shaw’s Store.

We were greatly interested by this old cut, both because wood engraving is a lost art, and because of the long and lively history of the family involved, and of the building itself.

Who erected the building, or when it was built we have been unable to learn. Apparently it dates back prior to the arrival of the Hirst Brothers, Thomas and John. The earliest recollections of local residents whom we have asked about it indicate that the Hirst Brothers opened their drug store in the 70’s, at which time the adjacent room, now occupied by Frances Shaw’s store, housed a grocery, run by Charly Shaw, an uncle of Milton Shaw. Milton Shaw worked there a a small boy.. It is claimed by some that Charly Shaw’s store was on Dayton Street, but P. W. Weiss has a photograph of it, from an old stereoptical set, and right there it is, next to Hirst Brothers Drug Store, with buggies and wagons at the hitching rail in front. (The wood engraving discreetly omits both the hitching rail, and the big sign “Cash Store C. Shaw,’ which appear in the old photo.

Some time in the 80’s Dr. Humphrey took over the Drug Store, where he remained for some years, until he erected a building across the street, and moved there. This building now houses Finley’s Drug Store. Dr. Humphrey’s wife, Ella, still lives in Yellow Springs.

As far as we can learn, the building was then operated for a time as a clothing store, by John Hughes, brother of Raper Hughes.

Next the building housed a bowling alley operated by Ed Linkhart, presumably a relative of the Brice Linkhart family. This gave way in time to a pool hall whose owner we have been unable to identify.

It was not until 1918 however, that the building was first occupied as a grocery. It was in that year that Weiss and Wead expanded into it from the adjacent building.

While these businesses succeeded each other in the Hirst Brothers building, the adjacent building also was experiencing a series of successions. Charley Shaw moved away, some folks say out west, and J. G. Hawkins took over, and stayed until 1885, when the Carr Brothers, cousins of Ed Carr, ran a general store for a few years.

The Carrs ultimately sold out to J. M. Birch, brother of Hugh Taylor Birch, and Father of John Birch and Lucy Wolford. In 1915 the Birch family sold to the firm of Weiss and Wead. R. O. Wead was a son-in-law of Thomas Hirst, and was best known in Yellow Springs as Principal of the Yellow Springs School. The active management of the store was carried on by P. W. Weiss. In the early twenties Wead became county auditor, and in 1929 he became State Deputy Auditor and moved to Columbus. In that year P. W. Weiss bought out his interest, but the name of Weiss and Wead persisted. Even today, Mr. Weiss says, he gets checks from old customers made out to Weiss and Wead.

The Hirst Drug Store

My own recollections of this drug store are very dim indeed but the mention of the J. D. Hawkins clothing store brings a reminder. He also carried a stock of shoes and we sometimes went there to be outfitted. I can’t say “fitted” for if a shoe were not formed to fit the foot, the foot had to be moulded to fit the shoe. Misery often followed.

A Doctor Dillman was the druggist who followed the Hirst Brothers.

Then came the Humphreys, Father and Son.

The father wore a long white beard and is clearly remembered.

The son became a physician and for many years practiced his profession in Yellow Springs, ultimately succeeding Dr. Thorne in practice and in his residence.

Young Dr. Humphrey was a talented musician. He organized a small orchestra which under his name brought much credit to Y. S. in musical circles.

His three sons Guy, Artie & Leslie were among our good friends.


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Memories of Yellow Springs Family — Part 10

In these pages Della starts out with an article describing Antioch College in 1959, switches back to Glen Helen, and then returns to the business of downtown Yellow Springs in days gone by.

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

[transcription of article]

Thursday, May 28, 1959 THE BOOSTER
Antioch College of Yellow Springs, Ohio Campus Closeups . .  . . . . .
Antioch College Known As ‘A Way of Life’

By Carolyn Way
In 1853, when the Midwest was rapidly beginning to expand, a nonsectarian college was being founded by the Christian Church in the Ohio village of Yellow Springs. Its name was Antioch — after the city where Christ’s followers were first called Christians. Its first president was the great educational pioneer of the 19th century, Horace Mann, who left his promising New England career at its height to head the new college.
Horace Mann’s ideas shaped Antioch and the men and women drawn to it. The quality of leadership attracted to the college is illustrated by the 17 men that Antioch furnished for the presidencies of other colleges and universities such as Ohio State, Wellesley, Harvard and many others.
Yellow Springs is located southwest of Columbus, nine miles south of Springfield and Route 40, on State Route 8. The town and campus is easily reached by car, train, or bus and is in the area served by the Dayton airport at Vandalia.
The Antioch campus consists of thirty buildings on a tract of 100 acres. There is also a 1000-acre nature preserve called Glen Helen. The Glen contains ancient trees and glades, Indian mounds, on old stagecoach road, the iron-bearing Yellow Spring, interesting geological formations, wild life and flowers representative of the original Midwest. An ideal and lovely setting for the Antiochians’ outdoor life, the Glen’s forested portion bordering the campus is cut deep with overhanging cliffs and falls.
Antioch maintains high academic standing, ranking ninth among U. S. institutions of higher learning. All applicants for admission are required to take the College Board Examination.
Enrollment is maintained at approximately 1100 students, who come from 44 states and 17 foreign countries.
The college’s program is a coeducational and cooperative one, with fields of study leading to the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. Courses leading to these degrees are offered in three major areas: 1) social sciences — economics, business administration, sociology, anthropology, government, history, international relations, pre-law, physical education, psychology and education; 2) physical sciences — chemistry, engineering, physics, mathematics, earth sciences, biology and pre-medicine; and 3) the humanities — literature, foreign languages, creative arts, philosophy and religion.
Certainly one of the most interesting features of Antioch is the cooperative or work-study plan which has been in effect since 1920. Under this plan, all Antioch students in all fields alternates three months of study with three months of work on regular paying jobs throughout the United States and in other countries. Only one-half of the student body is on campus at any one time while the other half is  out working. Through these jobs the student sees his textbook in action, as he learns how to work effectively, learns the basic sills and principles in a certain field and explores the different communities and environments in this country and abroad.
Under this study-plus-work plan, usually two students cooperate to hold each job. One works while the other studies, then the two trade places. Students divide vacation periods to cover the job throughout the year. The student usually works for the same employer during alternate periods for at least one year. He is expected to work to the best of his ability, for his employer retains him only if his work is satisfactory. At the end of each work period the employer rates the student’s performance on the job and credit is earned toward a degree.
All kinds of jobs are available, depending somewhat upon employment conditions. Wherever a student goes, he is expected to find his own housing. It may be in a private home, YM or YWCA, settlement house or apartment.
In 1957 the Antioch Abroad program was begun. Under the same work-study plan at the Ohio campus, a student enrolls at a foreign university, lives with a family nearby and works on a foreign job. In this way the student gets a much better insight into a foreign county than he would from a tour. Antioch has set up study centers at Besançon, France and Guanajuato, Mexico. Each plan earns regular credit toward the degree and costs no more than a year at Antioch. The aim of the Antioch Abroad program is to pave the way to international understanding.
Another part of an Antioch education is again concerned with learning by experience. Students take part in the democratic operation of the college from top to bottom. All extra-class activities and regulations are the responsibility of Community Council, an elected body of six students and three faculty members and its committees. Students and faculty also share the responsibilities of Administrative Council, top governing body of the college under the Board of Trustees and the president.
An honor system is very much in evidence at Antioch. It is the code of campus conduct and is obviously essential for those students who are out on jobs. Antioch considers high school graduates to be young adults who are ready to learn adult responsibilities under supervision and it treats them as such.
Life outside of classes is fun and constructive. There’s something for every interest — dramatics, instrumental groups, arts and crafts workshops, the religion program, FM educational radio station and concerts.
A good many social activities are planned during the year for everyone. — dances, steakroasts, Apple Butter Festival, open houses and bridge tournaments. The new Antioch Union, which includes an inn for overnight guests and a restaurant, is the center for these activities.
The cost of the first year on the work-study plan is $1,490. This includes tuition, room, board and all fees covering library, laboratory, job placement, activities and other basic costs. Students may use a budget plan of monthly payments for college bills.
Scholarships are available for those who need financial aid. Many students save money toward their college bills from their cooperative jobs and from part-time work while studying. It should be emphasized, however, that the work-study plan is a method of education rather than a way for students to work their way through college.
Antioch’s president is Samuel B. Gould. In a welcome message to all visitors and prospective students he says, “. . . Antioch is the center of an exciting adventure in education. . . . I hope that as a visitor here you will sense the spirit which has made this one of America’s finest liberal arts colleges.”
There are a number of Antioch alumni living here in Clintonville and Worthington. Among them are: Mrs. Arthur Secrest, Jr., 58 Olentangy St.; Dr. Alfred W. Stewart, 37 Winthrop; Mr. Herman E. Morrical, 445 Glenmont; Mr. Warren H. Powell, 258 Clinton; Mr. Donald R. Barnes, Jr., 55 E. Lakeview; Mr. Clarke Fullerton, 69 Northridge; Mr. Homer T. Kemp, Jr., 576 Garden; Dr. and Mrs. H. V. Cottrell, 365 S. Selby, Worth’n; and Mrs. Rodney B. Alexander, 374 Park Blvd., Worth’n.

[map caption]
Newcomers to Yellow Springs should lose no time in making the acquaintance of Glen Helen. The beautiful natural park which borders the Village on the eats. The above map shows the points of principal interest, including the famous Yellow Springs, for which the town is named, the Cascades, the Balanced Rock etc.
Glen Helen was presented to Antioch by the late Hugh Taylor Birch, in memory of his daughter Helen Birch Bartlett. The College maintains the park in its natural state for the fit of the entire community.

[Note: a version of this map was reprinted in a limited edition from original plates from the Antioch Bookplate Company and may still be available for purchase in the Glen Helen Gift Shop]

My recollections of business places on Dayton St. bring out only a few spots & they are vague. Greene’s Livery stable — probably the first in the town, the Jobe Carriage shop, the J. H. Little Grain Elevator and later on the Hominy Mill, the Durham Grocery and McCulloughs Undertaking Establishment.
The Hunster House was a popular hotel when I was a child. It was famous for its chicken dinners for parties from out of town. The hotel had been built before the Civil War.
The Hunster family were mulattos and they operated the hotel for many years. They were early members of the Christian Church and the daughters sang in the choir. Finally race prejudice crept in to change the picture, and the family scattered.
The hotel burned on May 6th 1895 and was never rebuilt.

[transcription of article]

S. W. Weakley in Harness Hall

The picture above shows the last remaining one of three thriving businesses of yesteryear—carriage-making, livery business, and harness making. The late S. W. Weakley conducted for many years a harness and leather shop in the room now occupied by the pressroom of the Antioch Press.
T. B. Jobe, brother-in-law of Mr. Weakley’s, had a fine carriage making establishment in the building now used by E. A. Oster, Ford dealer, a storeroom for the modern successor to the carriages of yesterday. Mr. Jobe’s business was discontinued after his death in 1916.
G. F. Littleton started the Littleton livery barn in connection with his undertaking business, and for many years after the real livery business (hiring horses, carriages, and drivers to patrons) was ceased, the old stable stood as one of the oldest landmarks in this part of the village, and continued to take care of horses for other people. In 1923 this trace of days gone by was burned to the ground while being used as a storage garage for automobiles.
S. W. Weakley’s shop was a favorite gathering place of many old friends, some comrades of the Civil War and some “just neighbors,” and many were the national issues decided there. In 1924 Mr. Weakley was stricken with paralysis while at the shop, and although the business was carried on for a time during his illness by his old friend, Riley Hammer, after a while the stock was sold and the building rented to The Antioch Press.
An historical account of Yellow Springs might be fairly complete without the stories of some passing things like these three businesses, but to old friends of the village, many of whom are gone from here now, we feel sure it seems good to hear of other old fri[article cuts off]….



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Memories of a Yellow Springs Family — Part 9

Like many residents and visitors alike, Della took a detour from downtown businesses to explore Glen Helen in this section, including a photograph of the Yellow Spring before it was landscaped to the beauty it has now.

All entries in the series are indexed on the “Blog Multi-Part Series” page (click on tab above and scroll to second group).

The Glen

To the older generation of residents of the town of Yellow Springs no place of its history can bring to mind more interesting recollections and traditions.

Stories tell of a great forest once the hunting place of Indians who paused on their trails to rest and refresh themselves with water from a marvellous yellow spring.

Some tell of the Mound Builders who, preceding the Indians, found the spring and appreciated the health-giving properties of its waters.

This tract of forest land a part of the estate of Wm Mills, the founder of the town of Yellow Springs, was in time acquired by Wm Neff of Cincinnati and was always know to us as the Neff Glen. (Details of its early history given elsewhere)

The trace has finally become the property of Antioch College and is now known as the Antioch Glen or Glen Helen in memory of the daughter of Hugh Taylor Birch who donated it to his Alma Mater.

[transcription of letter to the editor]

Recalls More History of Yellow Springs
December 6
To the Yellow Springs News:

You mentioned in last week’s issue of the News that plans are underway to restore the Yellow Spring to its natural or original condition. This will not take very much work. It is a very good movement and should be completed.

When the late John Bryan deeded 347 acres of Neff Park to Antioch College, he specified in the deed that the spring should always remain so that the public could go there and drink the water.


Work in the restoration of the Yellow Springs has begun. See the story about it on page ten.


I have heard my grandfather tell of seeing Indians camped under the large trees near the spring. They would come back every summer for years and stay several weeks and drink the water from the spring they said it had certain medical qualities when they thought would cure their ailments.

You mention the debate between Clay and Webster. It was Henry Clay of Tennessee. They stood on the little mound and were surrounded by a crowd of 10,000 people gathered in the grove around them.

It was the campaign year of 1844. My father, a boy only 12 years old, sat with his back against a tree and listened for almost two hours. He was so thrilled by the oratory of Henry Clay that he remembered part of the speech for years and could repeat it. Clay spoke against slavery.

Speaking of the Neff House very few people now living here can remember the famous hotel. The building was torn down and shipped to Cincinnati the summer of 1892. Many famous people spent the summer there during its short history. Among them was General Hood and family—wife, eleven children, a maid, a coachman, team and carriage. Hood, a Confederate general, lost both legs in the Civil War.

—William Baker

The Glen — the famous spring

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Advertising copy as it was written one hundred years ago is illustrated by the following description of Yellow Springs, dated March 30, 1829, written by the owner of the spring site, now Glen Helen. It is taken from Kilbourne’s Ohio Gazetteer, published by Glover at Columbus, in 1831.

“The spring is an ever flowing fountain, emerging from the highest point of land in the state of Ohio, of a temperature of six degrees lower than any of the beautiful limestone springs in the vicinity exuberant in quantity, a pure, colorless, yet strongly chalybeate; deriving its name “yellow” from a precipitate of oxydized iron, which becomes visible only after rest: highly restorative in the effects: deliciously cool, and perfectly agreeable to the taste. In dyspepsia, it is almost, if not absolutely a specific. The features of the country are of a description highly attractive in the bloom of spring, and heats of summer. The fount, the waterfall, the ravine, embellished with flowering shrubs, aromatic herbs, the isolated rock, and the embedded course of the Little Miami, afford excursions of the most delightful and scenery the most romantic.—The elevation of this part of the state tempers the atmosphere by an almost continual breeze—so that there scarcely ever occurs a day too warm for the enjoyment of exercise or, oppressive to the most languid frame. Ague is unknown here; and the place, it is hoped may, without exaggeration, be ranked among the most favored retreats of Hygeia.

“In addition to the mansion house there are six cottages of frame and brick, each 50 by 24, containing 48 rooms calculated especially for families. The dining room is 24 feet by 100. A piazza fronting the lawn, a mound of the aborigines, cedar groves, and the spring, extends 200 feet, and it is presumed, is not surpassed as a delightful promenade, by any in the Union. On the opposite front is a noble garden, diversified with walks and shrubbery.”

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One of the earliest written accounts, taken from the diary of Josiah Espy who came here in 1805, tells of the “beautiful, bold and limpid water, issuing out of nearly the top of a hill” and “the most celebrated mineral waters in Ohio” were already “beginning to be much frequented.”

An iron dipper that was chained to the rock near the spring for many years, and from which so many people drank that one side has been worn thin, has been loaned to the exhibit by Miss Polly Cox—whose father forged the dipper for Mr. Neff.

The original Neff House grew, one irregular addition after another, into a quaint rambling resort. A pageant would be required to recapture the thrill of elegant coaches carrying vacationers from Cincinnati and even Memphis to this site. Talking of thrills, there are some folks who still remember the excitement each year when the guardsmen encamped here and they would parade through the town.

A magnificent southern-style Neff House replaced the old one. It was to be regretted later—for the unseasoned lumber could not bear the strain—but it is still remembered with amazement that a sawmill was set up on the grounds so that live trees were transformed into the timber and then part of the frame of the new Neff House all in the same day.

Two other local sites “cashed in” on the popularity and fame of Yellow Springs. The results were the Yellow Springs House and its overflow cottages located on the present day site of Bryan High School, and the Water Cure, located across the Glen from the spring below the railroad crossing on Grinnell Road.

Yellow Springs became a cultural center. Judge Mills was influential in bringing both Antioch College and the railroad to this location. A Clay-Webster debate, on the top of the mound near the spring, is cited as one of the most memorable of many political speeches. A Chautauqua program attracted great crowds each summer. First a large tent was erected, then a rustic auditorium, and finally a dining room and kitchen were added to accommodate those who came to hear the shining intellectual lights of their day.

The rebuilt hotel, known to us as the Neff House

The Glen

Periodically changes have been made in the setting surrounding the spring.

As I remember it, there was a pool into which the [?] emptied. This pool was often covered with a yellow scum and was unattractive.

Recent changes have eliminated the pool.

The iron dipper referred to in clipping was always there for the convenience of those who did not object to a common drinking cup.

The Indian Mound referred to in clipping by Baker.

The mound has recently been excavated and specimens valued by archaeologists have been removed.

Should the Indian have been entitled to his resting place?

My own personal recollections of the Glen are concerned mainly with the region after the property was acquired by Wm Neff of Cincinnati and it was always known as “Neff’s Glen”

The original hotel was gone & the new one stood in its place. The new one, it seems, had been hastily built and of unseasoned timber.

Before it was torn down it had fallen into disuse as it was considered to be unsafe.

But well do I remember certain summer seasons when the Neff House was still in high favor with socially prominent people in Cincinnati and thereabouts as a desireable resort in summer.

The Glen

Local residents also valued the Glen as a spot for recreation and pleasure.

When one had out-of-town guests a trip to the Glen always figured in their entertainment.

Sunday schools and other organizations chose it as a place for their annual outings and there were family picnics galore.

At most times no admission was charged and people wandered at will thruout the grounds.

In the springtime lovely wild flowers delighted the nature lover. For many years there were few restraints against gathering them.

Columbine and dainty ferns decked the overhanging cliffs and one risked one’s safety in attempting to grasp them. I always took the risk.

During the resort season, hotel guests in a measure observed the formalities of fashionable life. They dressed for dinner and dancing in the evening. Children were always freshly attired for late afternoon and evening.

This was a day when much dainty embroidery and they wore wide gay colored sashes and silk.

Dancing started soon after dinner but it was only once in a while that we could stay late enough to enjoy the music and get a peep at the festivities in the long dancing hall on the hotel’s first floor.

Dancing at that period had not yet been accepted by Yellow Springs residents, especially among church people, as a perfectly proper amusement for their families.

The Glen

Of unfailing interest to visitors of the Glen was the far famed Indian mound.

Stories pointed to it as the work of the Mound Builders and recent excavations have proven their contentions.

The great celebrities reputed to have gathered at this mound during conventions of national moment and who with bursts of oratory pleaded their various causes are mere legend to me.

The rustic structure that topped the elevation I remember best as a band stand where on patriotic occasions a brass band contributed a big share of interest to the occasion.

Children loved to play about the band stand. Even in my time it had become a bit shaky. Another generation, coupled with the work of the elements, have reduced it to a mere memory.



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